Method of Measuring Psychological Defense



The authors suggests a psychodiagnostic method for measuring 20 defense mechanisms. The advantages of this method are the simplicity of the research process, the independence of the result from the researcher personality, and the wide range of measured defense mechanisms. The psychometric characteristics of the method are given: validity, discriminativity, reliability, represenativeness. The age and gender statistical limits of norms are determined.

General Information

Keywords: psychological defense, defense mechanisms, psychodiagnostic method, constructive validity, reliability, discrimination, internal consistency, representativeness

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Pilyugin E.R., Suleimanov R.F. Method of Measuring Psychological Defense. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 194–209. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2020130213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Elena R. Pilyugin, Student, Department of Developmental Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Kazan Innovation University named after V.G. Timiryasova (IEML), Kazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Ramil F. Suleimanov, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of General Psychology, Kazan Innovation University named after V.G. Timiryasova (IEML), Kazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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