Psychophysiological Characteristics of Cognitive Functions at Cadets of the Naval Institute with Military Training Experience

151

Abstract

The aim of our research is to studying the psychophysiological characteristics of the cognitive functions and their electrophysiological manifestations at cadets of the first course with military-training experience with different levels of adaptation to training. The object was first-year cadets of the Military Institute (Naval) of N.G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy which graduated from Suvorov Military High Schools (n=44). The mean of ages is 18±0,7 years. All cadets were divided into 3 groups with the help of integrated assessment of the effectiveness of cognitive functions and their electrophysiological manifestations. Cadets with a high level of development of working memory, ability to solve of spatial orientation and arithmetic problems, balance of nervous processes of excitation and inhibition, were characterized by an average of heart rate and an average of heart rate variability, low values of the relative spectral power of heart rate modulations in the low frequency range. The cadets of this group had a high relative power in the range of delta-2 rhythm of EEG in the right central lead when solving sensorimotor tasks in comparison with other groups.

General Information

Keywords: cognitive functions, adaptation, heart rate variability, electrocardiography, electroencepha- lography, EEG desynchronization, activation of the sensorimotor cortex

Journal rubric: Psychophysiology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021140213

For citation: Petrenko M.I. Psychophysiological Characteristics of Cognitive Functions at Cadets of the Naval Institute with Military Training Experience. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2021. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 183–197. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2021140213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Baevskij R.M., Ivanov G.G., CHirejkin L.V. Analiz variabel’nosti serdechnogo ritma pri ispol’zovanii razlichnykh elektrokardiograficheskikh sistem [Analysis of heart rate variability when using various electrocardiographic systems (methodological recommendations] Vestnik aritmologii, 2001, no. 24, pp. 65—87. (In Russ.).
  2. Zaytsev A.G., Rezvantsev M.V., Tegza V.Yu. et al. Matematicheskaya model prognoza uspeshnosti voenno-professionalnoyadaptatsiikursantovVoenno-morskoyakademiiim.N.G. Kuznetsova [Mathematical model of forecast successfulness of N.G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy cadets’ professional military adaptation] Vestnik Rossiyskoy voenno-meditsinskoy akademii, 2018, no. 1 (61), pp. 160—163. (In Russ.).
  3. Zenkov L.R., Ronkin M.A. Funktsional’naja diagnostika nervnykh boleznej: rukovodstvo dlja vrachej [Functional diagnostics of nervous diseases] M.: «Medpress-inform», 2013. 488p. (In Russ.).
  4. Mukhin V.N., Jakovlev N.M., Klimenko V.M. Svjaz’ variabel’nosti serdechnogo ritma s urovnem aktivatsii lobnoj kory [An association between heart rate variability and levels of frontal cortex activation] Rossijskij fiziologicheskij zhurnal im. I.M. Sechenova, 2011. Vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 1281—1288. (In Russ.).
  5. Pavlov K.I., Muhin V.N., Syirtsev A.V., Arhimuk A.N., Syisoev V.N., Petrenko M.I. Elektrofiziologicheskaya otsenka mehanizmov voenno-professionalnoy adaptatsii [Electrophysological evaluation of mechanisms of military-professional adaptation] Meditsinskiy akademicheskiy zhurnal, 2017. Vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 7—19. (In Russ.).
  6. Pavlov K.I., Mukhin V.N., Syrtsev A.V., Arkhimuk A.N., Sysoev V.N., Petrenko M.I. Variabel’nost’ serdechnogo ritma v izuchenii kognitivnykh funktsij i voenno-professional’noj adaptatsii [Heart rate variability method in the study of cognitive functions and military occupational adaptation] Meditsinskij akademicheskij zhurnal, 2017. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 7—16. (In Russ.).
  7. Pavlov K.I., Petrenko M.I., Syirtsev A.V. et al. Vliyanie dovuzovskoy voennoy podgotovki na psihofiziologicheskie i kardiovaskulyarnyie harakteristiki kognitivnyih funktsiy [The effect of military- training experience on psychophysiological and cardiovascular characteristics of cognitive functions] Meditsinskiy akademicheskiy zhurnal, 2019. Vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 43—52. (In Russ.).
  8. Pavlov K.I., Petrenko M.I., Syirtsev A.V., Arhimuk A.N., Miheeva E.A., Nikolaeva S.V., Andieva N.M., Miheev A.V., Kopyitova Yu.S., Hamitova E.A. Vliyanie opyita dovuzovskoy voennoy podgotovki na lichnostnyie osobennosti i kognitivnyie funktsii kursantov Voenno-morskogo instituta [The influence of military-training experience on personality characteristics and cognitive functions of cadets of Naval institute] Vestnik Rossiyskoy Voenno-meditsinskoy akademii, 2019, no. 4 (68), pp. 91—94. (In Russ.).
  9. Pavlov K.I., Syrtsev A.V., Mukhin V.N., Arkhimuk A.N., Mikheev A.V., Kopytova JU.S., Khamitova E.A., Sysoev V.N., Petrenko M.I. Opredelenie informativnosti elektrofiziologicheskikh pokazatelej dlja otsenki voenno-professional’noj adaptatsii kursantov voenno-morskogo instituta [Analysis of informativity of electrophysiological data in context of rating military occupational adaptation of naval school students] Aviakosmicheskaja i ekologicheskaja meditsina, 2019. Vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 57—66. (In Russ.).
  10. Pavlov K.I., Syirtsev A.V., Muhin V.N., Arhimuk A.N., Miheev A.V., Kopyitova Yu.S., Hamitova E.A., Syisoev V.N., Petrenko M.I. Perifericheskaya gemodinamika i vazoregulyatsiya u kursantov v usloviyah voenno- professionalnoy adaptatsii [Peripheral hemodynamics and vasoregulation in cadets during military occupational adaptation] Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 2019. Vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 39—48. (In Russ.).
  11. Ryibnikov V.Yu., Dubinskiy A.A., Bulyigina V.G. Individualno-psihologicheskie prediktoryi adaptatsii i dezadaptatsii spetsialistov ekstremalnogo profilya deyatelnosti [Individual psychological predictors of the adaptation and disadaptation among specialists of extreme profile] Ekologiya cheloveka, 2017, no. 3, pp. 3—9. (In Russ.).
  12. Syisoev V.N., Ganapolskiy V.P., Myasnikov A.A., Blaginin A.A., Silnikov M.V., Shabanov P.D. Fiziologiya voennogo truda: Uchebnoe posobie [The physiology of military labor] SPb.: Lyubavich, 2011. 456 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Flejshman A.N., Martynov I.D., Petrovskij S.A., Korablina T.V. Ortostaticheskaja takhikardija: diagnosticheskoe i prognosticheskoe znachenie Very low frequency variabel’nosti ritma serdtsa [Orthostatic tachycardia: diagnostic and prognostic value Very low frequency heart rate variability] Bjulleten’ sibirskoj meditsiny, 2014. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 136—148. (In Russ.).
  14. Yatmanov A.N. Psihologicheskie osobennosti professionalno dezadaptirovannyih kursantov [Psychological features of cadets with military professional maladjustment] Vestnik Rossiyskoy voenno- meditsinskoy akademii, 2019. Vol. 2, no. 66, pp. 92—96. (In Russ.).
  15. Yatsenko M.V., Kaygorodova N.Z., Kazin E.M., Fedorov A.I. EEG-korrelyatyi vliyaniya endogennyih i ekzogennyih faktorov na umstvennuyu rabotosposobnost studentov [EEG correlation of the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors on mental work capacity in students] Fiziologiya cheloveka, 2018. Vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 36—48. (In Russ.).
  16. Armour J.A., Ardell J.L. Peripheral autonomic neuronal interactions in cardiac regulation. Neurocardiology. editors. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. pp. 219—244.
  17. Cacioppo J.T., Sandman C.A. Physiological Differentiation of Sensory and Cognitive Tasks as a Function of Warning, Processing Demands, and Reported Unpleasantness. Biol Psychol, 1978. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 181—192.
  18. Critchley H.D., Corfield D.R., Chandler M.P., Mathias C.J., Dolan R.J. Cerebral correlates of autonomic cardiovascular arousal: a functional neuroimaging investigation in humans. J. Physiol, 2000. Vol. 523, no. 1, pp. 259—270.
  19. Delgado-Moreno R., Robles-Pérez J.J., Clemente-Suárez V.J. Combat Stress Decreases Memory of Warfighters in Action. J Med Syst, 2017. Vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 124.
  20. Ginty A.T., Phillips A.C., Geoff Der, Deary I.J., Carroll D. Cognitive Ability and Simple Reaction Time Predict Cardiac Reactivity in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychophysiology, 2011. Vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 1022—1027.
  21. Hansen A.L., Johnsen B.H., Thayer J.F. Relationship Between Heart Rate Variability and Cognitive Function During Threat of Shock. Anxiety Stress Coping, 2009. Vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 77—89.
  22. Hazzouri A.Z.A., Haan M.N., Deng Y., Neuhaus J., Yaffe K. Reduced Heart Rate Variability Is Associated With Worse Cognitive Performance in Elderly Mexican Americans. Hypertension, 2014. Vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 181—187.
  23. Lacey B.C., Lacey J.I., Obrist P.A., Black A.H., Brener J., Dicara L.V. Studies of heart rate and other bodily processes in sensorimotor behavior.: Cardiovascular psychophysiology: current issues in response mechanisms, biofeedback, and methodology. Chicago: Aldine, 1974. pp. 538—564.
  24. Luft C.B., Takase E., Darby D. Heart Rate Variability and Cognitive Function: Effects of Physical Effort. Biol Psychol, 2009. Vol. 82, no.2, pp. 164—168.
  25. Mahinrad S., Jukema J.W., van Heemst D., Macfarlane P.W., Clark E.N., de Craen A.J., Sabayan B. 10-Second heart rate variability and cognitive function in old age. Neurology, 2016. Vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 1120—1127.
  26. McCraty R., Shaffer F. Heart Rate Variability: New Perspectives on Physiological Mechanisms, Assessment of Self-regulatory Capacity, and Health risk. Glob Adv Health Med, 2015. Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 46—61.
  27. Mukhin V.N., Pavlov K.I., Klimenko V.M. The Integrative Level of the Hierarchical Spatial Orientation System in Animals. Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, 2017. Vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 675—680.
  28. Muthukrishnan S.P., Gurja J.P., Sharma R. Does Heart Rate Variability Predict Human Cognitive Performance at Higher Memory Loads? Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol, 2017. Vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 14—22.
  29. Pavlov K.I., Syrtsev A.V., Mukhin V.N., Archimuk A.N., Mikheeva E.A., Nikolaeva S.V., Andieva N.M., Kamenskaya V.G., Petrenko M.I. The effect of environmental factors on the cognitive functions of cadets at a Military Institute. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2019. Vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 1465—1487.
  30. Stenfors C.U., Hanson L.M., Theorell T., Osika W.S. Executive Cognitive Functioning and Cardiovascular Autonomic Regulation in a Population-Based Sample of Working Adults. Front. Psychol, 2016. Vol. 7, pp. 1536.
  31. Thayer J.F., Hansen A.L., Saus-Rose E., Johnsen B.H. Heart Rate Variability, Prefrontal Neural Function, and Cognitive Performance: The Neurovisceral Integration Perspective on Self-Regulation, Adaptation, and Health. Ann Behav Med, 2009. Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 141—153.
  32. Wölk C., Velden M. Revision of the baroreceptor hypothesis on the basis of the new cardiac cycle effect. Psychobiology: issues and applications. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V, 1989. pp. 371—379.
  33. Zakharov A.V., Pastukhov V.V., Moroz M.P., Sulimo-Samuĭllo Z.K. The prognosis of the adaptational potentials in servicemen of different constitutional types. Voen Med Zh., 1991, no 6, pp. 57—59.

Information About the Authors

Maxim I. Petrenko, Head of the Department of Occupational Psychological Support, N.G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6707-9372, e-mail: ppobvmi@mail.ru