Intercultural Competence and Effectiveness of Intercultural Communication



The article aims to present the results of the study of intercultural competence as a predictor of effective intercultural interaction. The mechanism by which this effect is achieved is currently poorly understood. The study involved students from Russian universities (N=748) aged 18 to 25 years (M=20.09, SD= 1.73). 85% of the sample were women. The following methods were used: “Integrative questionnaire of intercultural competence”, the Scale of intergroup anxiety U.The scales of Attributive confidence and perceived predictability and Self-assessment of the effectiveness of cross-cultural communication was from the studies of W. Gudykanst, Scale of evaluation of the desire to interact with a partner of other cultures. All scales were modified for the study and showed good reliability. The theoretical model was tested using path analysis. The effects of all components of the integrative model of intercultural competence on the desire to interact with a partner in intercultural communication and self-assessment of its effectiveness were found, except for the “lack of ethnocentrism”sub-scale. It is also shown that the effects of cross-cultural interest and cross-cultural stability on the perceived effectiveness of communication with a foreign cultural partner and the desire to interact with them are mediated by intergroup anxiety and perceived predictability of cross-cultural communication.

General Information

Keywords: intercultural competence, ethnocentrism, intercultural communication, communication efficiency, intergroup anxiety, uncertainty

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-01-00001.

Received: 11.05.2022


For citation: Khukhlaev O.E., Gritsenko V.V., Dagbaeva S.B., Konstantinov V.V., Kornienko T.V., Kulesh E.V., Tudupova T.T. Intercultural Competence and Effectiveness of Intercultural Communication. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 88–102. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150106. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Oleg E. Khukhlaev, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Professor of the Department of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems in Multicultural Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valentina V. Gritsenko, Doctor of Psychology, Proffesor of the Department of Cross-cultural Psychology and Multicultural Education, Faculty of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Soelma B. Dagbaeva, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Theoretical and Applied Psychology, Transbaikal State University, Chita, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Vsevolod V. Konstantinov, Doctor of Psychology, associate professor, head of chair "General Psychology", Penza State University, Penza, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tatiana V. Kornienko, PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of International History, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Kulesh, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tuyana T. Tudupova, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, head of the Chair of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Buryat State Univerisity, Ulan-Ude, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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