Interpersonal Perception: how the Situation Determines Our Assessment of Another Person

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Abstract

The work is aimed at studying the dynamics of interpersonal perception in various situations of representation of the sitter and at different stages of the development of the situation. The study involved 126 people (74% women and 26% men) aged 18 to 60 years (M = 31.78; SD = 9.78). The subjects were randomly divided into four independent groups. Each group was shown videos, where the sitter was shown in three situations, differing in the degree of formalization of communication (passing through the entrance of the institution, passing the exam, consulting a psychologist), while the first group saw only the beginning of the situation, the second — the middle, the third — the end, and the fourth the group watched each of the videos in their entirety. It is shown that, in general, the assessments of one and the same person, in different situations of interaction, are determined not only by the appearance and behavior of the sitter, but also by the situation itself. Also, for some personal qualities, differences were found in the assessment depending on the stage of development of the communicative situation.

General Information

Keywords: interpersonal assessment, perception situation, situation development

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150301

Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) in the framework of the scientific project number 20-18-00516.

Received: 05.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Ananyeva K.I., Demidov A.A., Samoylenko E.S. Interpersonal Perception: how the Situation Determines Our Assessment of Another Person. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 4–16. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150301. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Kristina I. Ananyeva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate Professor, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis (Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1666-3269, e-mail: ananyevaki@ipran.ru

Alexander A. Demidov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Experimental Psychology, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6660-5761, e-mail: demidov@inpsycho.ru

Elena S. Samoylenko, Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7980-3903, e-mail: samoylenkoes@ipran.ru

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