Specifics of Perception of Verbal Indications and Graphic Expressions of Basic Emotions by Children of Elementary and Middle School Age

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Abstract

The work studied the components of emotional competence of children of primary and secondary school age using the method of semantic differential. An analysis was made of differences in the distribution of verbal designation assessments and a comparison of the assessment profiles of verbal designations and graphic expressions (of different levels of severity) of 9 basic emotions. It is shown that the lowest level of differences in the assessments of verbal designations of children of primary and secondary school age is observed for the emotions of “joy”, “anger”, “fear” and “disgust”; the most different assessments are “interest”, “contempt” and “shame”; “guilt”, “surprise” and “sadness” occupy an intermediate position. The affective vocabulary of children of primary school age is represented by affective concepts understood at the level of children of secondary school age: “joy”, “anger” and “fear”; as well as characteristics that are extremely pronounced in terms of valence — “friendly / hostile”, and associated with communication needs — “social / unsociable”. The results obtained can be useful in the further use of graphic expressions of basic emotions as a stimulus material for studying the characteristics of perception and in the procedures for self-assessment of emotions when working with children of primary and secondary school age.

General Information

Keywords: perception of emotions by children, semantic differential, affective concepts, graphic expressions of basic emotions

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150308

Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant No. 19-013-00958, “Dynamics of Induced Emotional States in Primary and Secondary School Children”.

Acknowledgements. The team of authors would like to thank Elena Anatolyevna Rodionova, Director of MBEI “Secondary School No. 1”, Kolchugino (Vladimir Region), and Elena Georgievna Romanova, Director of MBEI “Secondary School No. 3”, Gorokhovets (Ryazan Region), for their help in organizing the study.

Received: 20.12.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Khoze E.G., Basiul I.A., Lupenko E.A., Yuryeva M.V., Marinova M.M. Specifics of Perception of Verbal Indications and Graphic Expressions of Basic Emotions by Children of Elementary and Middle School Age. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 100–120. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Evgeny G. Khoze, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Head of the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology,Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology,Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9355-1693, e-mail: house.yu@gmail.com

Ivan A. Basiul, Junior Researcher. Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lecturer of the Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Research laboratory assistant, Institute of Experimental Psychology of MSPPU, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3153-2096, e-mail: basul@inbox.ru

Elena A. Lupenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4026-7581, e-mail: elena-lupenko@yandex.ru

Mariya V. Yuryeva, Laboratory Assistant, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5137-6169, e-mail: yurevamv@mgppu.ru

Mariya M. Marinova, Assistant Director of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, Academic Services Specialist, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Postgraduate Student, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8862-4007, e-mail: marinovamm@yandex.ru

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