The Attitude towards a Stranger and Assessment of his Age based on a Photo Image of a Face Transformed in the FaceApp Application



The hypothesis of the study was the assumption that significant differences can be found in the attitude of the subject of perception to the object of perception (“model”) depending on the conditional age stage associated with age-related changes in appearance. Methods: 1) The procedure of “Photovideopresentation of appearance” by T.A. Vorontsova (a set of 36 photos transformed in the FaceApp application); 2) “Methodology for the study of conscious personal relationships to each member of the group and to oneself” by T.A. Vorontsova. Selection: 178 women and 156 men from 21 to 60 years old (M=37.24; SD=10.46). Results: 1) the attitude of subjects of perception to objects of perception significantly changes depending on the conditional age stage associated with changes in appearance: antipathy increases (in 64% of observations); antipathy decreases (in 36% of observations); disrespect increases (in 25% of observations); disrespect decreases (in 75% of observations); distance increases / decreases (50%); 2) gender differences in the dynamics of attitudes towards objects of perception were found: an increase in respect for men, in contrast to the multidirectional dynamics of respect for women. The recorded dynamics of relations reveals benevolent (an increase in respect) and hostile ageism (an increase in antipathy) towards older people who have obvious age-related changes in appearance. Also, the data obtained on the Russian sample confirm the existence of the age stereotype “a woman is getting old, a man is getting mature”. The data are discussed in connection with age stigma, the influence of additional factors, and the possibilities of using FaceApp in scientific research.

General Information

Keywords: age, perceived age, appearance, social cognition, social perception, men, women, age groups, ageism, age stigma

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation, project number 22-28-01763, at the Southern Federal University.

Received: 01.08.2022


For citation: Vorontsova T.A. The Attitude towards a Stranger and Assessment of his Age based on a Photo Image of a Face Transformed in the FaceApp Application. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 31–49. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Barabanshchikov V.A., Besprozvannaya I.I., Anan’eva K.I. Otsenka individual’no-psikhologicheskikh svoistv cheloveka v zavisimosti ot konfiguratsionnykh izmenenii ego litsa [Assessment of individual psychological properties of a person depending on the configuration changes of his face]. Rossiyskiy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal = Russian psychological journal, 2017. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 49—77. DOI:10.21702/rpj.2017.4.3 (In Russ.).
  2. Barabanshchikov V.A., Marinova M.M. Deepfake v issledovaniyakh vospriyatiya litsa [Deepfake in Face Perception Research]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya= Experimental psychology, 2021. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 4—19. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2021000001 (In Russ.).
  3. Demidov A.A., Diveev D.A., Kutenev A.V. Otsenka vozrasta i individual’no-psikhologicheskikh kharakteristik cheloveka po vyrazheniyu litsa [Assessment of age and individual psychological characteristics of a person by facial expression]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya= Experimental psychology, 2012. Vol. 5, no. 1. pp. 69—81. (In Russ.).
  4. Dias E., Arsent’eva E. Frazeologicheskie edinitsy, oboznachayushchie staryi vozrast cheloveka, v angliiskom i russkom yazykakh [Phraseological units denoting the old age of a person in English and Russian]. Filologiya i kul’tura=Philology and Culture, 2018, no. 1 (51). pp. 57—63. (In Russ.).
  5. Diveev D.A., Khoze E.G. Sovremennye tekhnologii transformatsii izobrazhenii v izuchenii vospriyatiya cheloveka po vyrazheniyu ego litsa [Modern image transformation technologies in the study of human perception by the expression of his face]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya= Experimental psychology, 2009. Vol. 2, no 4. pp. 101—110. (In Russ.).
  6. Labunskaya V.A. «Vidimyi chelovek» kak sotsial’no-psikhologicheskii fenomen [“Visible man” as a socio-psychological phenomenon]. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2010, no. 1, pp. 26—39. (In Russ.).
  7. Labunskaya V.A., Drozdova I.I. Teoretiko-empiricheskiy analiz vliyaniya sotsialnopsikhologicheskih faktorov na otsenki, samootsenki molodymi lyudmi vneshnego oblika [Theoretical and empirical analysis of the impact of social and psychological factors on the assessment, self-assessment of young people’s appearance]. Rossiyskiy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal = Russian psychological journal, 2017. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 202—226. DOI:10.21702/rpj.2017.2.1214 (In Russ.).
  8. Myasishchev V.N. Psikhologiya otnoshenii [Psychology of relationships]. Moscow: MPSI Publ., 2004. (In Russ.).
  9. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya vneshnego oblika: teoreticheskie podkhody i empiricheskie issledovaniya. Kollektivnaya monografiya [Social psychology of appearance: theoretical approaches and empirical research. Collective monograph]. In V.A. Labunskaya, G.V. Serikov, T.A. Shkurko. (ed.). Rostov-on-Don: Mini-Taip Publ., 2019. (In Russ.).
  10. Stolin V.V., Golosova N.I. Faktornaya struktura emotsional’nogo otnosheniya cheloveka k cheloveku [Factor structure of the emotional relationship of a person to a person]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological Journal, 1982, no. 2, pp. 62—67. (In Russ.).
  11. Shkurko T.A. Fotovideoprezentatsii vneshnego oblika kak metod izucheniya vosprinimaemogo vozrasta cheloveka [“Photo-video presentation of appearance” as a method of a person’s perceived age studying]. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 104—117. DOI:10.17759/sps.2018090311.21 (In Russ.).
  12. Shkurko T.A., Labunskaya V.A. Pochemu my vyglyadim molozhe ili starshe svoikh let: poisk psikhologicheskikh determinant [Why we look younger or older than our years: the search for psychological determinants]. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaya seriya. Seriya Filosofiya. Psikhologiya. Pedagogika=News of Saratov University. A new series. Philosophy series. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2018. Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 450—457. DOI:10.18500/1819-7671-2018-18-4-450-456(In Russ.).
  13. Shkurko T.A., Nikolaeva Ye.G. Komponenty vneshnego oblika v strukture vospriyatiya vizualnykh prezentatsiy vozrasta [Components of appearance in the structure of perception of visual presentations of age]. Sotsialnaya psikhologiya i obshchestvo =Social psychology and society, 2015. Vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 78—90. DOI:10.17759/sps.201506040623 (In Russ.).
  14. El’konin D.B. K probleme periodizatsii psikhologicheskogo razvitiya v detskom vozraste [To the problem of periodization of psychological development in childhood]. Voprosy psikhologii=Questions of psychology, 1971, no. 4. pp. 6—20. (In Russ.).
  15. Chasteen A.L. The Role of Age and Age-Related Attitudes in Perceptions of Elderly Individuals. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 2000. Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 147—156.
  16. Ebner N.C. Age of face matters: age-group differences in ratings of young and old faces. Behavior Research Methods, 2008. Vol. 40, pp. 130—136. DOI:10.3758/BRM.40.1.130
  17. Folster M., Hess U., Werheid K. Facial age affects emotional expression decoding. Frontiers in Psychology, 2014. Vol. 5. Article 30. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00030
  18. Hass N.C, Schneider E.J., Lim S-L. Emotional expressions of old faces are perceived as more positive and less negative than young faces in young adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015. Vol. 6. Article 1276. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01276
  19. Hess U., Adams R.B.J., Simard A., Stevenson M.T., Kleck R.E. Smiling and sad wrinkles: age-related changes in the face and the perception of emotions and intentions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2012. Vol. 48, pp. 1377—1380. DOI:10.1016/j.jesp.2012.05.018
  20. Kacala A. FaceApp Challenge: Everything You Need to Know About the App People Are Using to Age Themselves [Electronic resource]. Newsweek, Wed, Jul 27, 2022. URL: (Accessed 01.07.2022).
  21. Neyaz A., Kumar A., Krishnan S., Placker J., Liu Q. Security, Privacy and Steganographic Analysis of FaceApp and TikTok. International Journal of Computer Science and Security (IJCSS), 2020. Vol. 14, issue 2, pp. 38—59.
  22. Park U., Tong Y., Jain A.K. Age-invariant face recognition. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell, 2010. Vol. 32, issue 5, pp. 947—554. DOI:10.1109/TPAMI.2010.14
  23. Yang H., Huang D., Wang Y., Jain A.K. Learning Continuous Face Age Progression: A Pyramid of GANs. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell, 2021. Vol. 43, issue 2, pp. 499—515. DOI:10.1109/TPAMI.2019.2930985
  24. Yang T., Yang Z, Xu G., Gao D., Zhang Z., Wang H., Liu S., Han L., Zhu Z., Tian Y., Huang Y., Zhao L., Zhong K., Shi B., Li J., Fu S., Liang P., Banissy M., Sun P. Tsinghua facial expression database — A database of facial expressions in Chinese young and older women and men: Development and validation. PlosOne, 2020. Vol. 15(4): e0231304. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0231304

Information About the Authors

Tatyana A. Vorontsova, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Psychology Department, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Psychology of the Academy of Psychology and Pedagogy, Southern Federal University, lecturer of the special faculty of Psychocorrection, Depth Psychology and Psychoanalysis, Faculty of Psychology, Pedagogy and Defectology of the Don State Technical University and the Rostov Branch of the European Confederation of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Member of the federal UMO in the system of higher education in enlarged groups of specialties and areas of training 37.00.00 Psychological sciences., Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 527
Previous month: 11
Current month: 23


Total: 126
Previous month: 3
Current month: 0