The Correlation of Peculiarities of Ethnic Identity and Living Conditions on the State of Volitional Regulation among Tuvans



The article presents the results of a study of the correlation of living conditions and ethnic identity on the state of volitional regulation among Tuvans living in various regions of the Russian Federation. The study involved 431 people aged 18 to 45 from Erzin (185 people), Kyzyl (141 people) and Moscow (105 people). To evaluate the individual characteristics of volitional regulation in the respondents, the following techniques were used: the Action Control Scale by J. Kuhl; the "Questionnaire for revealing the expression of self-control in the emotional sphere, activity and behavior"; the technique for self-assessment of volitional qualities; the Purpose in Life Test. The features of ethnic identity were evaluated using the “Types of Ethnic Identity” technique (by S.V. Ryzhova, G.U. Soldatova). The results of a one-way ANOVA allow us to conclude that the differences in the state of volitional regulation among Tuvans living in rural and urban settlements in the case of the "Action control scale" and social self-control are due mainly to the characteristics of the ethnic identity of the respondents, and in the case of emotional and behavioral self-control - peculiarities of ethnic identity of the respondents and living conditions in the region.

General Information

Keywords: volition, volitional regulation, will, willpower, self-control, self-regulation, volitional traits, cross-cultural approach, lifestyle, Tuvans

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This work was supported by Russian Science Foundation (project No 21-18-00597. See details:

Received: 01.11.2022


For citation: Shlyapnikov V.N. The Correlation of Peculiarities of Ethnic Identity and Living Conditions on the State of Volitional Regulation among Tuvans. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 99–111. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Ananyeva K.I., Basul I.A., Vȳskochil N.A., Demidov A.A., Shlyapnikov V.N. Chelovek i étnos: vospriyatie, otsenka, samoregulyatsiya [Man and ethnicity: perception, evaluation, self-regulation]. M.: Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis—Kogito-Tsentr, 2020. 377 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Ivannikov V.A., Shlyapnikov V.N. Volya kak product obshchestvenno-istoricheskogo razvitiya chelovechestva [Volition as a result of social-historical development of humanity]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal], 2012. Vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 111—121. (In Russ.).
  3. Ivannikov V.A., Shlyapnikov V.N. Osobennosti volevoj reguljacii u predstavitelej raznyh jetnokul'turnyh grupp [Features of volitional regulation among representatives of different ethnocul- tural groups]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2019. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 70—84. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2019120106 (In Russ.).
  4. Ivannikov V.A., Eidman E.V. Struktura volevykh kachestv po dannym samootsenki [Structure of volitional qualities according to self-assessment data]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal], 1990. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 39—49. (In Russ.).
  5. Ivannikov V.A., Gusev A.N., Barbanov D.D. Svyaz' osmyslennosti zhizni i sposoba kontrolya za deistviem s samootsenkami studentami volevykh kachestv [Meaningfulness and action orientation as predictors of self-control and willpower traits]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 14. Psihologija [Moscow University Psychology Bulletin], 2019, no. 2, pp. 27—44. (In Russ.).
  6. Ivannikov V.A., Barabanov D.D., Monroz A.V., Shlyapnikov V.N. Eidman E.V. Mesto ponyatiya «volya» v sovremennoi psikhologii [The role of the notion of will in contemporary psychology]. Voprosy psikhologii [Voprosy Psychologii], 2014, no. 2, pp. 15—23. (In Russ.).
  7. Il’in E.P. Psikhologiya voli [The Psychology of Volition]. Saint-Peterburg: Publ. Piter, 2000. 288 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Komogorkin V.A. Individual’nye osobennosti volevoi aktivnosti shkol’nikov-podrostkov [Individual features of volitional activity of schoolchildren-adolescents] Voprosy psikhologii voli [Questions of psychology of volition], Ryazan’ Publ. 1975. P. 52—64. (In Russ.).
  9. Koul M. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya: nauka budushchego [Cultural-Historical Psychology. The science of the Future]. Moscow: In-t psihologii RAN, 1997. 424 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Lamazhaa Ch. K. Tuva kak limitrofnaia zona: iazyk, religiia i identifikatsiia naseleniia [Tuva as a limitrophe zone: language, religion and people’s identity]. New Research of Tuva, 2021, no. 3, pp. 178—194. DOI:10.25178/nit.2021.3.14 (In Russ.).
  11. Leont’ev A.N. Lektsii po obshchei psikhologii [Lectures on General Psychology]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 2000. 511 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Luriya A.R. Ob istoricheskom razvitii poznavatel'nykh protsessov [On the historical development of cognitive processes]. Moscow: Nauka, 1974. 172 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Obukhov A.S. The Transformation of the Life of the Yazula Village Telengits. Traditional Culture. 2021. Vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 157—166. DOI:10.26158/TK.2021.22.1.013 (In Russ.).
  14. Reiting rossiiskikh regionov po kachestvu zhizni — 2021 [Elektronnyi resurs] [Rating of Russian regions on quality of life]. MIA Rossiya segodnya [Russia Today], 2021. URL: (Accessed 27.10.2022). (In Russ.).
  15. Soldatova G.U. Psihologija mezhjetnicheskoj naprjazhennosti [Psychology of Inter-Ethnic Tension]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 1998. 398 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Shapkin S.A. Eksperimental’noe izuchenie volevykh protsessov [Experimental study of volitional processes]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 1997. 140 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Shlyapnikov V.N. Relationship between Volitional Regulation and Ethnic Identity. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2019. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 83—90. DOI:10.17759/chp.2019150309. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  18. Shlyapnikov V.N. Will: The Lost Link of Contemporary Foreign Psychology. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 72—87. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2022150105 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  19. Shlyapnikov V.N. Gender Differences in the State of Volitional Regulation among Various Ethnic Groups of the Russian Federation and the CIS. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 139—152. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2020130210 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  20. Shlyapnikov V.N. Faktory volevoi regulyatsii u russkikh i tuvintsev, prozhivayushchikh v Moskve i Kyzyle [Factors of volitional regulation in Russians and Tuvans living in Moscow and Kyzyl]. Voprosy psikhologii [Voprosy Psychologii], 2020. Vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 42—56. (In Russ.).
  21. Baumann N., Kazén M., Quirin M., Koole S.L. Why People Do the Things They Do: Building on Julius Kuhl’s Contributions to the Psychology of Motivation and Volition. Hogrefe Publishing, 2018. 433 p.
  22. Baumeister R.F., Vohs K.D. Strength Model of Self-Regulation as Limited Resource: Assessment, Controversies, Update // Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 2016. V. 54. P. 67—127.
  23. Chatterjee M.B., Baumann N., Osborne D., Mahmud S.H., Koole S.L. Cross-Cultural Analysis of Volition: Action Orientation Is Associated With Less Anxious Motive Enactment and Greater Well-Being in Germany, New Zealand, and Bangladesh // Frontiers in Psychology. 2018. V. 9. P. 1043. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01043
  24. Koole S.L., Schlinkert C., Maldei T., Baumann N. Becoming Who You Are: An Integrative Review of Self-Determination Theory and Personality Systems Interactions Theory // Journal of Personality. 2018. V. 87. P. 15—36. DOI:10.1111/jopy.12380
  25. Kuhl J., Keller H. Affect-Regulation, Self-development, and Parenting: A Functional-Design Approach to Cross- Cultural Differences / Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures. Academic Press, 2008. V. 1. P. 19—47. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-373694-9.X0001-3
  26. Quirin M., Robinson M., Rauthmann J., Kuhl J., Read S., Tops M., Deyoung C. The Dynamics of Personality Approach (DPA): Twenty Tenets for Uncovering the Causal Mechanisms of Personality // European Journal of Personality. 2020. V. 34(6). P. 947—968. DOI:10.1002/per.2295

Information About the Authors

Vladimir N. Shlyapnikov, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Personality and Individual Differences, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 98
Previous month: 12
Current month: 0


Total: 55
Previous month: 6
Current month: 0