The Influence of Risk and Protection Factors on the Professional Resilience in the Helping Professions



The article presents an overview of researches on the impact of risk and protection factors on the professional resilience of specialists in the helping professions which were published over the last five years. In the analysis of the international literature, several main trends in the study of the phenomenon of professional resilience of specialists in the helping professions (SHP) are presented. In particular, the consequences of the pandemic are considered as risk factor for the SHP resilience. It is noted that most of the research papers on professional resilience are devoted to SHP in the field of social work and medicine (nurses, doctors), less - to psychologists and psychotherapists. A number of the papers concern the peculiarities of the formation of professional resilience among students studying these specialties. The protection factors and some components of professional resilience, in particular, "spirituality", are presented in more details. Among risk factors, the phenomenon of compassion fatigue is analyzed, as specific for SHP. Among the protection factors the phenomenon of warmth and competence is parsed. The article briefly describes several tests designed to measure professional resilience, as well as programs aimed at improving the SHP resilience.

General Information

Keywords: professional resilience, helping professions, risk factors, protection factors, COVID-19, compassion fatigue, warmth and competence, stereotype content model (SCM), measurement of professional resilience

Journal rubric: Special (Branch) Psychology

Article type: review article


Received: 22.04.2023


For citation: Makhnach A.V., Plyushcheva O.A. The Influence of Risk and Protection Factors on the Professional Resilience in the Helping Professions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8–21. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120201. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alexander V. Makhnach, Doctor of Psychology, Deputy Director for Science, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga A. Plyushcheva, Graduate Student, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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