Somatic Manifestations in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

144

Abstract

The article provides an overview of modern foreign studies aimed at identifying somatic correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in various categories of the population. It has been shown that post-traumatic stress disorder, in the vast majority of cases, is associated with various psychosomatic and somatic symptoms. Some researchers have put forward a hypothesis about a hereditary predisposition to the development of PTSD during extreme psychotraumatization (epigenetic approach): premorbid characteristics of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system can determine the body's response to extreme psychotraumatic effects. The largest number of studies have revealed the relationship of post-traumatic stress disorder with such somatic / psychosomatic types of pathology as cardiovascular diseases, sleep disorders, autonomic disorders, immune system dysfunction, neurological and pseudoneurological disorders. The description of the mechanisms of comorbidity of PTSD and somatic dysfunctions proposed by the authors is largely contradictory and does not, to date, clarify the cause-and-effect relationships in the formation of PTSD and somatic manifestations.

General Information

Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); somatic and psychosomatic disorders; epigenetic approach; cardiovascular diseases; sleep disorders; autonomic dysfunctions; immune system; pseudoneurological disorders

Journal rubric: Medical Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2023120306

Received: 06.07.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Khramov E.V., Deulin D.V., Kotenev I.O., Pahalkova A.A. Somatic Manifestations in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 64–73. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120306. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Evgeniy V. Khramov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6619-7326, e-mail: ev.khramov@gmail.com

Dmitry V. Deulin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6517-5061, e-mail: ddeulin@yandex.ru

Igor O. Kotenev, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1336-5546, e-mail: ikotenev@ya.ru

Anna A. Pahalkova, MA in Psychology, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology,, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0006-0160-1635, e-mail: pahalkovaaa@mgppu.ru

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