Modern Anti-Stress Technologies in Extreme and Helping Professions

209

Abstract

The sources of life and professional stresses, including the risks of the "new global reality" determined by artificial intelligence, are generalized and differentiated (according to the levels of the professional-labor and individual-psychological environment). Psychological aspects of occupational health are indicated by the structural phenomenology of occupational stress, in the variants of activity stresses (physiological, subject-activity and informational) and relationship stresses (business and personal). The introduction of programs to increase stress resistance among pilots, military personnel, medical workers and teachers has shown that stress resistance is polydetermined by the circumstances of individuality, training, experience, status, and should be considered as a universal vital professional competence amenable to development. Four approaches to the introduction of anti-stress technologies are identified: through the organization of the conditions of the professional environment; training and training of specialists; correction of states and consequences of stress; integration of personal characteristics and lifestyle (mastering stress management and health management). We introduce a three-level instrumental concept of applying stress management methods at the level of strategic self-determination, resource allocation, and removal of physiological discomfort.

General Information

Keywords: professional health; professional stress; anti-stress technologies; stress management; prevention; stress tolerance; training

Journal rubric: Labour Psychology and Engineering Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2023120302

Received: 14.08.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Rozenova M.I., Ognev A.S., Ekimova V.I., Kokurin A.V. Modern Anti-Stress Technologies in Extreme and Helping Professions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 19–30. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120302. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina I. Rozenova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6976-5587, e-mail: profi1234@yandex.ru

Alexandr S. Ognev, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Scientific Director, Humanities Institute of the Russian New University, Chief Researcher of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2944-6615, e-mail: psychology@rosnou.ru

Valentina I. Ekimova, Doctor of Psychology, professor of the department of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1480-3571, e-mail: iropse@mail.ru

Alexey V. Kokurin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor of the Chair of the Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Enforcement Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0454-1691, e-mail: kokurin1@bk.ru

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