«The Kingdom of Beauty»: Abkhazia in the Memoirs and Visual Arts Materials of the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of little-known textual and pictorial materials with views of Abkhazia. The object of the research is the pictorial materials stored in the collection of the RSL Department of Manuscripts, the subject is drawings of coastal, mountain and urban landscapes of Abkhazia. The novelty of the study is determined by the fact that it introduces into scientific circulation, systematizes and comments on previously unpublished drawings with views of Abkhazia. Among the authors of drawings as professional artists of the second half of the XIX — beginning of the XX century (Zakhar Afanasievich Chuev, Mikhail Ilyich Bocharov, Alexander Alexandrovich Kiselyov), as well as amateurs who knew the technique of drawing well (Minister of War Dmitry Alexandrovich Milyutin). The revealed materials are analyzed using descriptive, biographical, comparative-historical and artistic-stylistic methods. It is concluded that the presented material expands the ideas of the authors who addressed the topic of the Caucasus. If professional artists tried to show the unusual beauty of the Caucasus and Abkhazia and capture those places that caused a special response in their soul, as well as convey their emotional feelings and experiences, then for an amateur artist D.A. Milyutin, in addition, drawings were necessary as illustrations for information about his official activities. The materials with views of Abkhazia identified in the Department of Manuscripts have practical value for a wide range of researchers studying the history and culture of Abkhazia. Further study of these materials opens up prospects for biographical, artistic-stylistic, figurative-artistic analysis for those researchers who study the creative and life path of the artists discussed in this article. The material will also be useful to philologists who draw parallels between works of verbal and visual art.

General Information

Keywords: Abkhazia, manuscripts, drawing, artists Zakhar Chuev, Mikhail Bocharov, Alexander Kiselyov, Minister Dmitry Milyutin

Journal rubric: World Literature. Textology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2023100105

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-012-00098А.

Received: 01.03.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Krutova M.S. «The Kingdom of Beauty»: Abkhazia in the Memoirs and Visual Arts Materials of the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2023. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 38–51. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2023100105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina S. Krutova, Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor, Chief Paleographer, Department of Manuscripts, Russian State Library (RSL), Professor of the Department of Russian Classical Literature, Moscow State Regional Pedagogical University; Professor of Departments of Biblical Studies and Philology, Moscow Theological Academy, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3564-1505, e-mail: KrutovaMS@rsl.ru

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