Characteristics of Non-Chemical Addictions in Early Youth Age



This article is devoted to the problem of non-chemical addictions which significantly affect personality development. We examine the following addictions: gambling, love, sexual and avoidance dependence. The author draws attention to the fact that from all of the above only gambling addiction is considered as a disorder, and only this one is dealt by medicine and psychology. Other types of non-chemical addictions are not studied as closely as the gambling addiction. One of the goals of the study was to describe those addictions that a person in early youth can be exposed to. The properties of the gambling, love, sexual addictions and avoidance dependence are described. The behavior patterns of addicted people are characterized. Key authors and their works in the field of addictions are listed.

General Information

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

For citation: Minakov S.A. Characteristics of Non-Chemical Addictions in Early Youth Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2009. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 97–103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bratus’ B. C. Anomalii lichnosti. M., 1988.
  2. Dudko T. H., Kotel’nikova L. A. Formirovanie zavisimosti ot azartnyh igr u molodezhi i lic zrelogo vozrasta. URL:
  3. Egorov A. Ju. K voprosu o novyh teoreticheskih aspektah addiktologii // Narkologija i addiktologija / Pod. red. V. D. Mendelevicha. Kazan’. 2004.
  4. Zajcev V. V., Shajdulina A. F. Kak izbavit’sja ot pristrastija k azartnym igram. M., 2003.
  5. Kaplan Sjedok. Klinicheskaja psihiatrija. M., 2002.
  6. Korolenko C. P., Dmitrieva N. V. Sociodinamicheskaja psihiatrija. M., 2000.
  7. Korolenko C. P., Donskih T. A. Sem’ putej k katastrofe. Novosibirsk, 1990.
  8. Mezhdunarodnaja klassifikacija boleznej (10-j peresmotr). Klassifikacija psihicheskih i povedencheskih rasstrojstv. Klinicheskie opisanija i ukazanija po diagnostike / Pod red. Ju. L. Nullera, S. Ju. Cirkina. SPb., 1994.
  9. Mendelevich V. D. Psihologija deviantnogo povedenija. M., 2001.
  10. Psihologicheskie aspekty zavisimostej / Pod red. A. Sh. Thostova i S. P. Elshanskogo. M., 2005.
  11. Psihologija i lechenie zavisimogo povedenija / Pod red. S. Daulinga. M., 2000.
  12. El’konin D. B. Psihologija igry. M., 1995.
  13. Jang K. S. Diagnoz – Internet-zavisimost’ // Mir Internet. 2000. № 2.
  14. Blaszczynski A. Pathways to pathological gambling: identifying typologies. [Free full-text article]
  15. Blaszczynski A., Nower L. A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling // Addiction. 2002. Vol. 97. № 5.
  16. Carlson М., Moor Т. Adolescent Gambling in Oregon. [Free full-text article]
  17. Chambers R. A., Potenza М. N. Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling //
    Journal of gambling Studies. Vol. 19. 2003. № 1.
  18. Dickson L. M., Derevensky J. L., Gupta R. The Prevention of gambling problems in youth: a conceptual framework // Journal of gambling Studies.Vol. 18. 2002. № 2.
  19. Dunstan R. Gambling in California  [Free full-text article]
  20. Hodgins D. C., el-Guebaly N. Retrospective and prospective reports of precipitants to relapse
    in pathological gambling
    // Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. Vol. 72. 2004. № 1. | Free on-line presentation based on this article
  21. Lightsey O. R., Hukey C. D. Impulsivity, Coping, Stress, and Problem Gambling Among University Students // Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2002. № 2.
  22. Marks I. Behavioural (non-chemical) addictions // British J. Addict. 1990. Vol. 85.
  23. Pasternak A., Fleming М. Prevalence of Gambling Disorders in a Primary Care Setting [Free full-text article]

Information About the Authors

S. A. Minakov, PhD Student, Department of Clinical and Special Psychology, Neuro- and Patho-Psychology Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 3578
Previous month: 24
Current month: 25


Total: 1574
Previous month: 7
Current month: 4