Measuring the Level of Socialization in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder



Difficulties with socialization common for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are a serious problem for their inclusion into educational settings. These socialization deficits are basically related to underdeveloped social skills. The paper describes a study aimed at revealing the level of socialization in children with ASD. The study involved 117 children aged 5–7 years and their parents. The children’s socialization level was measured with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale. The outcomes showed that most children with ASD display low levels of socialization resulting in their inability to adequately communicate and cooperate with other people as in play, as in everyday life. Two factors were found to affect the level of socialization in the children: deficit of motivation and specific cognitive impairments. The paper argues for the necessity of developing a program for psychologi- cal and educational assistance aimed at forming social skills in children with ASD.

General Information

Keywords: socialization, social skills, socialization levels, autism spectrum disorder

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Khaustov A.V., Rudneva E.V. Measuring the Level of Socialization in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2016. Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 16–24. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2016210303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Arthur V. Khaustov, PhD in Education, Director of the Federal Resources Center for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Rudneva, educational psychologist, Centre for Psychological, Medical and Social Support for Children and Adolescents, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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