Patterns of EEG Activity in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders



The article reviews most recent findings on neural activity in children and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Most of the studies demonstrate decreased connectivity in cortical regions, excitatory/inhibitory imbalance and atypical processing of language in people with ASD. It is argued that difficulties in semantic integration are connected to selective insensitivity to language, which is manifested in atypical N400 ERP component. In the article we analyze the data suggesting a strong relationship between ASD and epilepsy and argue that the comorbidity is more prevalent among individuals who have cognitive dysfunction. The EEG profile of people with ASD suggests U-shaped alterations with excess in high- and low-frequency EEG bands. We critically analyze the “broken mirror” hypothesis of ASD and demonstrate findings which challenge this theory.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, resting-state EEG, connectivity, N400

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Zhukova M.A. Patterns of EEG Activity in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2016. Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 47–55. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2016210306. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Marina A. Zhukova, PhD in Psychology, Postdoctoral Fellow, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA, ORCID:, e-mail:



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