Russian Adaptation of the PhoPhiKat Questionnaire of Gelotophobia, Gelotophilia and Katagelasticism in Adolescents



The article describes results of Russian adaptation of the PhoPhiKat, a questionnaire to measure gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism, on 392 Russian adolescents. The results confirm three-factor structure of the questionnaire and demonstrate reliability and construct validity of the scales.Most of the items have loadings to the intended factors, but a number of items have worse psychometrical properties. Therefore, the reduced version of the method, Phophikat<30>, adapted earlier on adults, is recommended for practical usage. The article also presents the analysis of gelotophobia, gelotophilia and katagelasticism expression, their correlations with age, sex and humour styles in adolescents from Russia, compared to Denmark and Switzerland, and Russian adults.

General Information

Keywords: humor, laughter, ridicule, the fear of being laughed at, gelotophobia, gelotophilia, katagelasticism, humor styles, bullying, adolescents

Journal rubric: Psychological Diagnostics

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Stefanenko E.A., Ivanova E.M., Enikolopov S.N. Russian Adaptation of the PhoPhiKat Questionnaire of Gelotophobia, Gelotophilia and Katagelasticism in Adolescents. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2016. Vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 61–74. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2016210406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Ekaterina A. Stefanenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow, Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena M. Ivanova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Senior Researcher, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Sergey N. Enikolopov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Clinical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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