Xenophobia and youth extremism: origins and interrelations

2305

Abstract

Displays of extremism and xenophobia among the youth on the territory of Russia are not rare. The contribution analyzes the possible reasons and interrelations of xenophobia and youth extremism. It identifies three groups of reasons which may influence the origination of xenophobia and extremism: socio-economical, group and personal. It also discusses the results of the research of Klaus Vahl and his colleagues which allow to trace the possible ways of origination and development of xenophobia, aggressive and deviant behavior among young people. According to the researchers, the origins of xenophobia and related aggressive and hostile behavior can be found in the peculiarities of the adolescent’s behavior in the situation of meeting a stranger. K.Vahl analyzed four different ways of development of misanthropy, hostility toward “aliens”: aggressive behavior, xenophobia, deviant behavior, commitment to the ultra-right extremist ideology. The contribution describes the main forms of adolescents’ behavior toward a stranger of a different nationality and of the same one, as well as psychological factors which may influence the origination of xenophobia and define the content of preventive measures.

General Information

Keywords: xenophobia, youth extremism, attitude toward “aliens”, deviant behavior, hostility, aggressive behavior, individual psychological peculiarities

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Gurina O.D., Dozortseva E.G. Xenophobia and youth extremism: origins and interrelations [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2012. Vol. 4, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Kroz M.V., Ratinova N.A. Social'no-psihologicheskie i pravovye aspekty ksenofobii. M., 2005.
  2. Mihailova M.P. O problemah proyavleniya ekstremizma i ksenofobii // Profilaktika ksenofobii, ekstremizma i nacionalizma v detskoi i podrostkovoi srede: Sb. nauch. tezisov. M., 2009.
  3. Wahl K. Development of xenophobia and aggression // International Journal and Applied Criminal Justice. 2002. Vol.26. № 2.
  4. Wahl K., Tramitz K. Xenophobia: The Deep Roots of Extreme Emotions. Deutsches Jugendinstitut, English version. Mnchen, 2003.

Information About the Authors

Oksana D. Gurina, PhD in Psychology, Main Expert, Moscow Research Center, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psyсhology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4369-5450, e-mail: godgur@yandex.ru

Elena G. Dozortseva, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher, Laboratory for Child and Adolescent Psychology, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation,Member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychology and Law” member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychological Science and Education”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1309-0485, e-mail: edozortseva@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 7362
Previous month: 16
Current month: 5

Downloads

Total: 2305
Previous month: 8
Current month: 4