Individual psychological peculiarities of parents as predictors of highly conflict divorces

2635

Abstract

A clinical psychological research of 34 mothers and 40 fathers who underwent complex forensic psychological psychiatric expertise in judicial disputes between parents on upbringing of a child in case of their separation (on definition of the child’s residence or the order of meetings between the separated parent and the child), allowed to identify individual psychological peculiarities of parents which facilitate the development of high level of inter-family conflict. The most important predictors of highly conflict relationship in case of divorce are the parents’ inclination toward externally blaming reactions and explosivity. The individual psychological peculiarities which decrease the intensity of inter-family conflict are personal maturity, introvertiveness, high level of empathy and sensitivity to emotional nuances. Using the method of cluster analysis the authors identified typical personality syndromes which increase and decrease the risk of bringing the inter-family conflict to court dispute: demonstrative personalities with low motivational control, demonstrative personalities with more express control, paranoiac personalities, dependent personalities, balanced personalities.

General Information

Keywords: interests of the child, complex forensic psychological psychiatric expertise, judicial disputes on upbringing of the child, inter-family conflict, individual psychological peculiarities of parents, divorce

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Safuanov F.S., Rusakovskaya O.A. Individual psychological peculiarities of parents as predictors of highly conflict divorces [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2012. Vol. 4, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Karabanova O.A. Psihologiya semeinyh otnoshenii i osnovy semeinogo konsul'tirovaniya: Ucheb. posobie. M., 2004.
  2. Safuanov F.S., Rusakovskaya O.A., Haritonova N.K. Social'no-psihologicheskie osobennosti vysokokonfliktnyh razvodov, soprovozhdayushihsya sudebnym sporom o poryadke vospitaniya i meste zhitel'stva rebenka // Yuridicheskaya psihologiya. 2011. №3.
  3. Figdor G. Bedy razvoda i puti ih preodoleniya. M., 2006.
  4. Arbuthnot P., Gordon D.A. Use of educational materials to modify stressful behaviours in post-divorce parenting // Journal of Divorce and Remarriage. 1996. Vol. 25.
  5. Garrity K.B., Barris M.A. Caught in the Middle: Protecting the Children of High-conflict Divorce. San-Francisko, 1994.
  6. Hetherington E.M. Should we stay together for the sake of the children? // E.M. Hetherington (Ed.). Coping with Divorce, Single Parenting, and Remarriage. Mahwah, NJ, 1999.
  7. Johnston J.R. High-conflict divorce // The Future of Children and Divorce. 1994. Vol. 4. № 1.
  8. Johnston J.R., Roseby V. Domestic violence and parent-child relationships in families disputing custody // The Name of the Child: A Developmental Approach to Understanding and Helping Children of Conflicted and Violent Divorce. N. Y., 1997.
  9. King V., Heard H.E. Nonresident father visitation, parental conflict, and mothers satisfaction: Whats best for child well-being? // Journal of Marriage and the Family. 1999. Vol. 61.
  10. Maccoby E.E., Mnookin R.H. Dividing the Child: Social and Legal Dilemmas of Custody. Cambridge, MA., 1992.
  11. Mathis R. Couples from Hell: Undifferentiated spouses in divorce mediation // Mediation Quarterly. 1998. Vol.16.
  12. Spillane-Grieco E. Cognitive-behavioral family therapy: With a family in high-conflict divorce: a case study // Clinical Social Work Journal. 2000. Vol. 28.
  13. Stewart R. The Early Identification and Streaming of Cases of High-Conflict Separation and Divorce: A Review. Ottawa, 2001.

Information About the Authors

Farit S. Safuanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Head of the Laboratory of Psychology, Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956, e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Olga A. Rusakovskaya, PhD in Medicine, Senior Researcher, Department of Forensic Psychiatric Examination in Civil Proceedings; Associate Professor, Educational and Methodological Department, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5602-3904, e-mail: rusakovskaya.o@serbsky.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 7958
Previous month: 31
Current month: 22

Downloads

Total: 2635
Previous month: 9
Current month: 11