Structural Сharacteristics of Mental States in Women Experiencing Difficulties Coping with Midlife Crisis

1547

Abstract

The development of a midlife crisis in women is accompanied by forming mental states that affect the quality of life and determine the possibilities of transformation of midlife crisis into a new stage of self-development. Study sample were 168 women, aged 30 to 44 years. We used projective techniques, questionnaires, content analysis as study methods. The deviation indicator from autogenous norm of M. Lusher test in women with the crisis symptoms has a rather strong positive correlation with the «negative conditions» index (r=0,4; p<0,001). We have identified the parameters of mental states (antipathy, anxiety, tension, asintonia, fatigue) thatmay contribute to the formation of negative mental states in general, hampering personal and social changes in the midlife crisis. The article defines the dominant motivations meaningful for development and transformation of midlife crisis in women. The results complement the scientific understanding of mental states and age characteristics from a gender perspective.

General Information

Keywords: mental states, midlife crisis, women, motivation, stress, tension

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2015070308

For citation: Skripacheva E.N., Bokhan T.G., Shabalovskaya M.V. Structural Сharacteristics of Mental States in Women Experiencing Difficulties Coping with Midlife Crisis [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2015. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 72–81. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2015070308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Abramova G.S. Vozrastnayapsikhologiya [Developmental psychology]. Moscow: Publ. Academy, 1999. 672 р.
  2. Aminov N.A., Averina I.S. Ekspress-diagnostikaaversivnykh (strakh - gnev) sostoyanii i formymezhlichnostnykhkonfliktov u mladshikhshkol'nikov [Rapid diagnosis aversive (fear - anger) States and forms of interpersonal conflict among primary school children].Diagnostika i regulyatsiyaemotsional'nykhsostoyanii[Diagnostics and regulation of emotional States]. Moscow, 1990, pp.  4–7.
  3. Bokhan T.G. Kul'turno-istoricheskiipodkhod k stressu i stressoustoichivosti. Diss. dokt. psikhol. nauk [Cultural-historical approach to stress and stress resistance. Dr. Sci. (Psychology) diss.]. Tomsk, 2008. 394 p.
  4. Bokhan N. A., Mandel' A. I., Ankudinova I.E., Treskova I.A., Kisel' N.I. Klinicheskayakomorbidnost' psikhonevrologicheskikhproyavleniialkogolizma u zhenshchin [Clinical comorbid neuropsychiatric manifestations of alcoholism in women]. Narkologiya [Narcology], 2011, no. 10 (118), pp. 36–41.
  5. GabdreevaG.Sh. Polovyerazlichiyatolerantnosti k stressu[Sex differences in tolerance to stress]. Psikhologiyapsikhicheskikhsostoyanii[Psychology of mental States]. Prohorov A.O. (ed.). Kazan: Publ. Center for innovative technology, 2002, pp. 400–410.
  6. Ganzen V.A., Yurchenko V.N. Sistematikapsikhicheskikhsostoyaniicheloveka [Taxonomy of mental States of a person]. Vestnik LGU[Vestnik Leningrad Univ], 1991. Series 6. Issue 1, pp. 47–55.
  7. Karmanov A.A. MetodikadiagnostikiosnovnykhparametrovpsikhicheskogosostoyaniyatestomLyushera [The technique of diagnostics of the main parameters of the mental state test Luscher]. Saint–Petersburg: Imaton, 1999. 89 р.
  8. Kolosova M.A. Neravnovesnyepsikhicheskiesostoyaniya i novoobrazovaniyapodrostkovogovozrasta [Nonequilibrium mental state and neoplasms of adolescence]. Psikhologiyapsikhicheskikhsostoyanii[Psychology of mental States]. ProhorovA.O. (ed.). Kazan: Publ. Center for innovative technology, 2002, pp. 172–185.
  9. Levkin V.E. Psikhicheskiesostoyaniya i obshcheesostoyaniecheloveka [Mental state and General health of the person]. Chelovek v zerkalakhgumanitarnogopoznaniya [Man in the mirror humanitarian knowledge]. Tyumen: Vektor Buk, 2002, pp. 61–76.
  10. Malkina-Pykh I.G. Vozrastnyekrizisyvzroslosti[Age crises of adulthood]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2005. 416 p.
  11. MirzievI.Kh. Gendernye i vozrastnyeosobennostisamoregulyatsiipsikhicheskikhsostoyanii [Gender and age characteristics of self-regulation of mental States]. Psikhologiyapsikhicheskikhsostoyanii[Psychology of mental States]. ProhorovA.O. (ed.). Kazan: Publ. Center for innovative technology, 2002, pp. 284–297.
  12. Polivanova K.N. Psikhologicheskiianalizkrizisovvozrastnogorazvitiya [Psychological analysis of the crises of the age of the]. Voprosypsikhologii[Questions of psychology], 1994, no. 1. Pp, 61–69.
  13. Prokhorov A.O. Metodikidiagnostiki i izmereniyapsikhicheskikhsostoyaniilichnosti [Methods of diagnosis and measurement of mental States of individual]. Moscow: Publ. PER SE, 2004. 176 p.
  14. SemkeV.Ya., Bokhan N.A., Mandel' A.I. Personologicheskiianaliz v kontekstesistematikiaddiktivnykhsostoyanii [Personological analysis in the context of systematics addictive States]. Narkologiya [Narcology], 2006, no.1, pp. 60–66.
  15. SemkeV.Ya., Epanchintseva E.M. Dushevnyekrizisy i ikhpreodolenie [Emotional crises and overcoming them]. Tomsk: Publ. Tomsk University, 2005. 212 p.
  16. Skryl' V.N. Osobennostiproyavleniyanormativnogokrizisarazvitiyazhenshchin v period pozdneivzroslosti. Avtoref. kand. psikhol. nauk. [The characteristics of the manifestation of the normative crisis of women's development in late adulthood. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Saint– Petersburg, 2009. 24 p.
  17. Soldatova E.L. Normativnyekrizisyrazvitiyalichnostivzroslogocheloveka. Avtoref. dokt. psikhol. nauk [Normative crises of personal development adult. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Ekaterinburg, 2007. 43 p.
  18. Fedoseeva A.M., Cherkevich E.A. Faktorypsikhicheskogosostoyaniya [Factors mental state].EzhegodnikRossiiskogopsikhologicheskogoobshchestva: MaterialyTretyegoVserossiiskogos"ezdapsikhologov (g. Sankt-Peterburg 25-28 ijunya 2003 g.) [Yearbook of the Russian psychological society: Proceedings of the Third all-Russian Congress of psychologists]. Saint– Petersburg: Publ. St. Petersburg University, 2003. Vol.8, pp. 20–24.
  19. Tsagarelli E.B. Lichnostnyedeterminantyneravnovesnykhpsikhicheskikhsostoyanii. Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [Personal determinants of nonequilibrium mental States. Ph. D. (Psychology) diss]. Kazan, 2003. 188 p.
  20. Shlyapnikova I.A. Vzaimosvyaz' ego-identichnosti i lichnostnoizrelosti. Avtoref. kand. psikhol. nauk[The relationship of ego-identity and personal maturity. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Chelyabinsk, 2010. 23 p.
  21. Yur'ev A.I. Otsenkaotritsatel'nykhpraksicheskikhsostoyaniicheloveka-operatoranaosnovedannykhtestaLyushera [Assessment of negative praksicheskih state of the human operator on the basis of data Luscher test]. In Lomov B.F. (ed.)Problemyinzhenernoipsikhologii: TezisyShestoivsesoyuznoikonferentsiipoinzhenernoipsikhologii [The problems of engineering psychology. Abstracts of the Sixth  all-Union conference on engineering psychology]. Leningrad, 1984, pp.  239–241.

Information About the Authors

Elena N. Skripacheva, PhD in Psychology, Director, Psychological Consulting Center «Dialogue», Seversk, Russia, e-mail: pkc_dialog@mail.ru

T. G. Bokhan, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Psychotherapy and Psychological Counseling, Department of Psychology, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1454-3869, e-mail: btg960@sibmail.com

Marina V. Shabalovskaya, PhD in Psychology, Lecturer of General and Differential Psychology Department, SBEI HPE «Siberian State Medical University» of Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Lecturer of Psychotherapy and Psychological Counseling Department, National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, e-mail: m_sha79@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 3699
Previous month: 15
Current month: 35

Downloads

Total: 1547
Previous month: 5
Current month: 6