Psychological reactions and predispositional factors in patients with concomitant and multiple somatic trauma suffered as a result of illegal actions

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the connection between the circumstances of getting multiple and concomitant somatic trauma and psychological reactions of the injured, as well as predispositional factors. We hypothesized that the victims of the violence will have a higher level of depression and aggression, as well as other type of coping strategies. In addition, we assumed a link between attribution of guilt for what has happened and the level of depression and aggression. An empirical study to test these hypotheses was conducted on the basis of Department of combined and multiple injuries, N.V. Sklifosofskiy Institute of Emergency Care. The study involved men injured as a result of illegal actions (N=38), and men suffered as a result of illegal action (N=38). The study revealed that patients who were injured because of violence, show an average lower level of aggressiveness. And patients who are victims of violence and blame themselves, are more aggressive than those who accuse others; the former show higher intensity of depressive feelings. Patients who are victims are less inclined to the use of coping strategies such as confrontation, positive reappraisal and search for social support.

General Information

Keywords: combined injuries, multiple trauma, victims of crime, depression, aggression, attribution of guilt, coping behavior.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Dozortseva E.G., Zakharchenko D.A. Psychological reactions and predispositional factors in patients with concomitant and multiple somatic trauma suffered as a result of illegal actions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2013. Vol. 3, no. 3 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena G. Dozortseva, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher, Laboratory for Child and Adolescent Psychology, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation,Member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychology and Law” member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychological Science and Education”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1309-0485, e-mail: edozortseva@mail.ru

Daria A. Zakharchenko, clinical psychologist, medical rehabilitation unit, National Pirogov Medical Surgical Center, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: d.a.zaharcjenko@gmail.com

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