Psychological characteristics of victims of trafficking

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Abstract

The article describes the main causes of falling into slavery, forms of slave labour, as well as moral-psychological properties and characteristics of potential victims of trafficking. Noted risk factors leading to victimization of the person and increase the possibility of becoming an object for criminal groups specializing in this kind of crime. The number of victims of international trafficking ranges from 600 to 800 thousand people a year, and when you consider human trafficking within the individual countries, the total number of victims ranges from 2 to 4 million people. 80% of trafficked people are women and children, of which 70% are sold to other countries for sexual exploitation. According to the International organization for migration (International Organization of Migration) annually only in the European markets of prostitution sold is not less than 500 thousand women. Among the personal factors that affect the increase in the number of such crimes, it is necessary to indicate family trouble, which manifests itself, primarily, to neglect, loss of relationships with family and parents, or in the absence of moral and material support from existing family and friends.

General Information

Keywords: slavery, human trafficking, crime, stressful situation.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2015050308

For citation: Larin A.N. Psychological characteristics of victims of trafficking [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2015. Vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 90–97. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2015050308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

A. N. Larin, Post-graduate Student, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: aaalll999@rambler.ru

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