Criminological Aspects of Aggression

281

Abstract

The results of a retrospective study of groups of convicts with varying degrees of aggressive behavior show the possibilities of the Standardized Multifactorial Personality Research Method (SMIL, the Russian version of MMPI), the interpretive approach of which is based on the one created by L.N. Sobchik theory of leading trends in assessing the degree of aggressiveness corresponding to the severity of the committed act. The leading tendencies, according to the average profiles of SMIL, are determined: among "hooligans" impulsivity with weakly expressed aggressiveness and unformed self-control; the "robbers" have rigidity, readiness for illegal behavior; in "killers" the severity of aggressiveness (in the hyperthymic type, explosive features and properties of expansive-schizoid accentuation; in the hypersthenic type, exaltation, overestimated self-esteem, an outwardly blaming type of response; in persons with impulse pathology, a partial violation in the sexual sphere with preserved intelligence); for “corrupt officials”: the profile is in the corridor of normative dispersion, but self-esteem and ideas about their own material well-being are directly proportional; in minors, aggression acts as a hypercompensation of an insecure personality with pseudo-aggressive actions.

General Information

Keywords: aggressiveness, psychodiagnostics, crime, the identity of the offender, minors, crime prevention

Journal rubric: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120116

Received: 08.08.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Sobchik L., Spasennikov B., Kulakova S.V. Criminological Aspects of Aggression [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 209–225. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120116. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Ludmila Sobchik, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, chief scientific officer, the Institute of Applied Psychology, corresponding member of International Academy of Informatization at the UN. Scientific editor of "Moscow psychological journal"., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4963-5915, e-mail: luniso@yandex.ru

Boris Spasennikov, Doctor of Law, Professor, N.A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5668-6457, e-mail: borisspasennikov@yandex.ru

Svetlana V. Kulakova, PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8688-2021, e-mail: centr2nii@yandex.ru

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