How to build substantive judicial-psychological examination

1660

Abstract

The methodology of the subject types of forensic examinations with the application of psychological knowledge is analyzed. The history of the formation of subject types of forensic psychological examination and a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination is considered. Shows their transformation and expansion under the influence of changes of domestic legislation. Based on the definition of the research subject of a legal expert- psychologist, concluded that the first step of building the subject of a separate judicial review should be the analysis of its legal significance. Discussed options for legal consequences and the role of expert opinion in in making judicial decisions. The second step is expertelligence analysis. It is the allocation of the psychological characteristics of legal rules (legal criteria). The third stage of psychological analysis consists in the correlation of concepts with expert knowledge in scientific psychology. The need of adaptation and transformation of scientific psychological knowledge (as basic science) in forensic psychological expertise (special knowledge of the expert) are shown. Discusses ways of formation of special knowledge of the expert-psychologist and the limits of its competence.

General Information

Keywords: forensic expertology, it is judicial-psychological examination, a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination to expert concepts.

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070118

For citation: Safuanov F.S. How to build substantive judicial-psychological examination [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 220–239. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017070118. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Ambrumova A.G., Tihonenko V.A. Diagnostika suicidal'nogo povedenija: Metodicheskie rekomendacii [Diagnosis of suicidal behavior. Guidelines]. Moscow, 1980. 55 p.
  2. Smirnova S.A., Makushkin E.V., Asnis A.Ya. About illegality determination of the validity of evidence through forensic examination. Information letter [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiia i pravo [Psychology and Law], 2016. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 61–78. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2016060306. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  3. Affekt: praktika sudebnoj psihologo-psihiatricheskoj jekspertizy. Hrestomatija [Affect: the practice of judicial psychological-psychiatric examination: a reader]/ Avtory-sostaviteli:. F.S. Safuanov, E.V. Makushkin. M.: Genezis, 2013. 312 p.
  4. Brutman V.I., Enikolopov S.N., Radionova M.S. Nezhelannaja beremennost' u zhertv seksual'nogo nasilija [Unwanted pregnancy among victims of sexual violence] // Voprosy psihologii [Problems of psychology]. 1995. no. 1. pp.33-40.
  5. Vinberg A.I., Malahovskaja N.T. Sudebnaja jekspertologija [Judicial expertology]. Volgograd, 1979. 183 s.
  6. Vostroknutov N.V., Haritonova N.K., Safuanov F.S. Metodologicheskie osnovy jekspertnogo podhoda k pravovoj zashhite detej: Metodicheskie rekomendacii [Methodological basis of the expert approach to legal protection of children: method. recommendations]. Moscow, 2004. 28 p.
  7. Gul'dan V.V. Motivacija prestupnogo povedenija psihopaticheskih lichnostej [The motivation of criminal behavior psychopathic personalities] // Kriminal'naja motivacija [Crime motivation]. Moscow, 1986. pp.189-250.
  8. Dmitrieva T.B., Kachaeva M.A., Safuanov F.S. Kompleksnaja sudebnaja psihologo-psihiatricheskaja jekspertiza psihicheskogo sostojanija materi, obvinjaemoj v ubijstve novorozhdennogo rebenka: Posobie dlja vrachej i psihologov [Comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination of the mental state of mother accused of murdering newborn baby: a guide for physicians and psychologists]. Moscow, 2001. 32 p.
  9. Dozorceva E.G. Anomal'noe razvitie lichnosti u podrostkov s protivopravnym povedeniem [Abnormal development of personality in adolescents with offending behaviour]. Moscow, 2004. 352 p.
  10. Kochenov M.M. Vvedenie v sudebno-psihologicheskuju jekspertizu [Introduction to forensic psychological examination]. Moscow: Publ. Publishing house of Moscow University, 1980. 115 p.
  11. Kochenov M.M. Teoreticheskie osnovy sudebno-psihologicheskoj jekspertiz. Avtoref. dis. dokt. psihol. Nauk [Theoretical bases it is judicial-psychological examination. Dr. Sci. (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 1991. 46 p.
  12. Kudrjavcev I.A. Lavrinovich A.N. Moskalenko E.P., Safuanov F.S. Osobennosti patopsihologicheskoj kvalifikacii rezul'tatov jeksperimental'no-psihologicheskogo issledovanija v uslovijah sudebno-psihiatricheskoj jekspertizy: Metodicheskie rekomendacii [Peculiarities of pathopsychological qualification of the results of experimental-psychological study of forensic psychiatric assessment: a method. recommendations]. Moscow, 1985. 25 p.
  13. Kudrjavcev I.A., Safuanov F.S. Patopsihologicheskie simptomokompleksy narushenij poznavatel'noj dejatel'nosti pri psihicheskih zabolevanijah: faktornaja struktura i diagnosticheskaja informativnost' [Pathopsychological symptom of disorders of cognitive activity in mental illness: the factor structure and diagnostic informativeness] // Zhurnal nevropatologii i psihiatrii im. S.S. Korsakova [Journal of neuropathology and psychiatry named after S. S. Korsakov]. 1989. Vol.6. pp. 85-92.
  14. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki razreshenija sudami sporov, svjazannyh s vospitaniem detej ot 20 ijulja 2011 goda (Utverzhden Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii 20 ijulja 2011 goda).
  15. Ratinova N.A. Samoreguljacija povedenija pri sovershenii agressivno-nasil'stvennyh dejstvij. Dis. kand. psihol. Nauk. [Self-regulation of conduct in the Commission of aggressive and violent actions. Ph.D. (Psychology) Thesis] Moscow, 1998. 229 p.
  16. Safuanov F.S. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza v ugolovnom processe [Forensic psychological expertise in criminal proceedings]. Moscow: Publ. Gardarika, Smysl. 1998. 192 p.
  17. Safuanov F.S. Affekt: sudebno-psihologicheskij jekspertologicheskij analiz [Affect: forensic psychological expertology analysis] // Psihologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological journal]. 2001. no. 3. pp.15-25.
  18. Safuanov F.S. Psihologija kriminal'noj agressii [The psychology of criminal aggression]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl. 2003. 300 p.
  19. Safuanov F.S. Kompleksnaja sudebnaja psihologo-psihiatricheskaja jekspertiza v grazhdanskom processe [Comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination in civil process] // Medicinskaja i sudebnaja psihologija. Kurs lekcij: Uchebnoe posobie [Medical and forensic psychology. A course of lectures: textbook. allowance] / In Dmitrievoj T.B., Safuanova F.S. (eds.). Moscow, 2004. pp.577-586.
  20. Safuanov F.S. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza: uchebnik dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata [Judicial and psychological examination: a textbook for undergraduate academic]. Moscow: Publ. Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2014. 421 p.
  21. Safuanov F.S., Vandysh-Bubko V.V. Ogranichennaja vmenjaemost': sudebno-jekspertologicheskij analiz [Limited sanity: forensic analysis expertelligence] // Juridicheskaja psihologija [Legal psychology]. 2009. no. 2. pp.6-9.
  22. Safuanov F.S. Isaeva I.V. Analiz reshenij verhovnyh sudov po affektivnym prestuplenijam i problemy sudebnoj jekspertizy [Analysis of decisions of the Supreme courts of affective crimes and problems of judicial examination] // Rossijskij sud'ja [the Russian judge], 2015. no. 12. pp.37-40.
  23. Safuanov F.S., Haritonova N.K., Dozorceva E.G. i dr. Kompetencija kompleksnoj sudebnoj psihologo-psihiatricheskoj jekspertizy po delam o kompensacii moral'nogo vreda [The competence of the judicial complex psychological and psychiatric examination on Affairs about compensation of moral harm] // Praktika sudebno-psihiatricheskoj jekspertizy: Sbornik [Practice forensic psychiatric examination]. no. 43., 2005. pp. 326-336.
  24. Safuanov F.S., Haritonova N.K., Rusakovskaja O.A. Psihologo-psihiatricheskaja jekspertiza po sudebnym sporam mezhdu roditeljami o vospitanii i meste zhitel'stva rebenka [Psychological-psychiatric examination in judicial disputes between parents on upbringing and place of residence of the child]. Moscow: Publ. Genezis, 2011. 192 p.
  25. Safuanov F., Shishkov S. N. Jekspertiza «pravdivosti» pokazanij (vozmozhnosti psihologicheskoj jekspertizy) [Examination of the "truthfulness" of the testimony (psychological assessment)] // Zakonnost' [Law].1992. no. 2. pp. 13-14.
  26. Sitkovskaja O.D. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza affekta: Metodicheskoe posobie [It is judicial-psychological examination of affect: method. allowance]. Moscow, 1983. 71 p.
  27. Sudebno-psihologicheskie jekspertnye kriterii diagnostiki affekta u obvinjaemogo: Posobie dlja vrachej [Forensic psychological expert diagnostic criteria affect the accused: a Handbook for doctors] / In Dmitrievoj T.B., Makushkina E.V. (eds.). Moscow, 2004.44 p.
  28. Tihonenko V.A., Safuanov F.S. Vvedenie v suicidologiju [Introduction to suicide-studying] // Medicinskaja i sudebnaja psihologija. Kurs lekcij: Uchebnoe posobie [Medical and forensic psychology. A course of lectures: textbook. allowance] / In Dmitrievoj T.B., Safuanova F.S. (eds.). Moscow, 2004. pp. 266-283.
  29. Shipshin S.S., Berdnikov D.V., Kalinina A.N. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po proizvodstvu sudebno-psihologicheskoj jekspertizy po delam o kompensacii moral'nogo vreda [Guidelines for the production of forensic psychological examination in cases of compensation of moral harm] // Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy [Theory and practice of forensic]. 2010. no.4. pp. 309-320.
  30. Shishkov S.N., Safuanov F.S. Vlijanie psihicheskih anomalij na sposobnost' byt' sub’ektom ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i sub’ektom otbyvanija nakazanija [The influence of mental abnormality on the ability to be the subject of criminal responsibility and the subject of punishment] // Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and law]. 1994. no. 2. pp. 82-90.

Information About the Authors

Farit S. Safuanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Head of the Laboratory of Psychology, Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956, e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 6059
Previous month: 48
Current month: 30

Downloads

Total: 1660
Previous month: 4
Current month: 18