Activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior: judicial-psychological examination

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Abstract

Federal law of June 7, 2017 g. № 120-FZ "On amendments to the criminal code of the Russian Federation and article 151 of the Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation in the part of establishing additional mechanisms to counter activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior" establishes criminal liability for inducement to commit suicide or assist in its Commission (article 110.1 of the criminal code), as well as for the organization of activities aimed at encouraging citizens to commit suicide (article 110.2 of the criminal code). Two additions to the criminal code include using a publicly performed work, the media or information and telecommunications networks (including network "Internet"). There are new legal consequences relevant to forensic psychological assessment related to suicide. The article analyzes the legal situation (pre-investigation check of materials and incitement to suicide) that define the subject of judicial-psychological or psychological and psychiatric examinations as the mental state of the subject in the period preceding the suicide (death). Legislative innovations require expertise in psychology and linguistics. One of the subjects of psychological-linguistic expertise is the focus of the information material (text, graphic, together verbal and non-verbal information) or the communicative activity of the subject to encourage the addressee to co-concluding suicide. Formulate possible questions for the ex-experts and psychologists.

General Information

Keywords: suicide; suicidal behavior; promoting suicide; incitement to commit suicide; post-mortem forensic psychiatric examination; comprehensive judicial psychological-linguistic expertise.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017060203

For citation: Safuanov F.S., Sekerazh T.N. Activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior: judicial-psychological examination [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 33–45. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017060203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Farit S. Safuanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Head of the Laboratory of Psychology, Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956, e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Tatiana N. Sekerazh, PhD in Law, Docent, Head, Laboratory of Forensic Psychology, Russian Federal Centre of Forensic Science of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7619-6992, e-mail: sekerage@mail.ru

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