The problem of using psychological knowledge in family disputes over children in civil legal proceedings

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Abstract

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the problems occurring while using special psychological knowledge in civil legal proceedings of family disputes over children after divorce. Using civil cases and reviews on psychological evaluations done upon lawyers' requests the article shows that a major part of those evaluations is executed on a low professional level, doesn't meet necessary requirements which leads to their unsuitability as bases for making judicial decisions. The article identifies groups of typical mistakes of psychological evaluations of underage persons in the situation of family divorce. It also highlights in detail procedural and institutional, methodological, structural, and deontological mistakes. The articles offers steps to change the practice of using psychological knowledge in civil legal proceedings of protecting child's interests after divorce.

General Information

Keywords: psychological evaluation of underage, divorce, family disputes over children, child's interests, civil legal proceedings, judicial psychological evaluation, complex judicial psychological and psychiatric evaluation.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080212

For citation: Terekhina S.A., Oshevsky D.S. The problem of using psychological knowledge in family disputes over children in civil legal proceedings [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 152–163. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2018080212. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Svetlana A. Terekhina, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Child and Adolescent Psychology, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (FSBI "NMIC PN named after V.P. Serbsky" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation), Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law of the Faculty of Legal Psychology of MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4612-0521, e-mail: sterekhina@mail.ru

Dmitry S. Oshevsky, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Child and Adolescent Psychology, V. P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Federal State Budgetary Institution "Research Center for Mental Health" Leading Researcher of the Department of Organization of Psychiatric Services, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3465-6302, e-mail: oshevsky@serbsky.ru

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