Features and Psychological Mechanisms of Professional Interaction of Participants of Criminal Process

380

Abstract

The article presents the results of the study of psychological characteristics of professional interaction of participants in the criminal process: investigators or investigators (depending on the type of crime), forensic specialists, victims accused of various types of criminal offenses (murder, theft, hooliganism, traffic accident). The empirical base of the research was formed on the material of psychological examination of participants of 90 situations of crime scene or incident examination and further actions on disclosure of 4 types of crimes: murder, theft, hooligan actions, traffic accident. The study surveyed 315 people, including employees of the OVD - 180 people (90 persons investigators, criminologists 90 people) are the victims — 70 persons, suspects — 65 people). On the basis of the data obtained, a three-factor model of the psychological mechanisms of PV used by investigators in interaction with a group of victims, as well as a three-factor model of the psychological mechanisms of professional interaction of a group of victims in case of theft, was constructed. The conducted research allowed to reveal experimentally the structure of professional competences of investigators (investigators) and forensic specialists, as well as contradictions of the inquiry stage for each professional group in the process of professional interaction.

General Information

Keywords: participants in criminal proceedings, professional interaction, professional competence, inter-group adaptation.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090211

For citation: Bulgakov A.V., Ekimova V.I., Kokurin A.V., Orlova E.A., Shashkova I.A. Features and Psychological Mechanisms of Professional Interaction of Participants of Criminal Process [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 156–167. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090211. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexander V. Bulgakov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of Social Psychology, Vygotsky Institute of Psychology, RUSSIAN State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: av_bulgakow@mail.ru

Valentina I. Ekimova, Doctor of Psychology, professor of the department of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1480-3571, e-mail: iropse@mail.ru

Alexey V. Kokurin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor of the Chair of the Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Enforcement Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0454-1691, e-mail: kokurin1@bk.ru

Elena A. Orlova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Institute of Public Sciences in The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4517-3955, e-mail: orlova.elena64@yandex.ru

Irina A. Shashkova, Adjunct Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation Named After V. J. Kikot, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: irinashashkova@list.ru

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