Moral Development in Structure of Legal and Cultural Organisation of Adolescent Personality with Critical Social Deviations



The article describes the moral development in the structure of the legal and cultural organization of the personality of an adolescent with criticla social deviations. The problem of the study is a moral field of the personality of adolescents. The process of formation of moral judgments with regard to its dynamics from preconventional to postconventional levels of development in adolescents with illegal behavior is considered. A total of 60 adolescents with aggressive asocial behavior between the age of 14 and 17 were examined; they were suspected of committing various offenses; the criminal proceedings were instituted against them. The subjects were divided into two age groups: the first group is 14–15 years old, the second - 16–17 years old. The factor of residence of the subjects was taken into account (residents of Moscow and those who came from different regions of the Russian Federation). L. Kohlberg's technique was used to reveal the peculiarities of moral consciousness in the examined persons. The attention was paid to the levels of development of moral consciousness (preconventional, conventional and postconventional levels). The finding of the study is data about the development degree of moral judgments of adolescents with critical social deviations. The information on the age determination of moral development and depending on the region of residence of the subject is obtained.

General Information

Keywords: adolescents, critical social deviations, law socialization, moral judgements, moral levels, moral development, moral consciousness structure.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Slavova N.A., Chvyakin V.A. Moral Development in Structure of Legal and Cultural Organisation of Adolescent Personality with Critical Social Deviations [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 264–275. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090218. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Aleksandrova S.N. Formirovanie pravovoj kul'tury u uchashhihsja v uchrezhdenijah dlja detej-sirot i detej, ostavshihsja bez popechenija roditelej: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk: 13.00.01 [Formation of legal culture among students in institutions for orphans and children left without parental care: dis. ... kand. PED. Sciences: 13.00.01]/S.N. Aleksandrova. Cheboksary, 2008. 287 p.
  2. 2. Ancyferova L.I. Svjaz' moral'nogo soznanija s nravstvennym povedeniem cheloveka (po materialam issledovanij L. Kolberga i ego shkoly) [The connection of moral consciousness with the moral behavior of man (based on the research of L. Kolberg and his school)]//Psihologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological journal]. M.: Nauka, 1999.-Vol. 20. no. 3. P. 5-17.
  3. 3. Astrahanceva S.V. Teorija i praktika social'no-kul'turnogo razvitija lichnosti v sfere svobodnogo vremeni: monogr. [Theory and practice of social and cultural development of personality in the field of free time] M.: MGUKI, 2011. 111 p.
  4. 4. Belikova S.B. Pravovoe vospitanie starsheklassnikov kak uslovie profilaktiki deviantnogo povedenija: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk: 13.00.01 [Legal education of high school students as a condition for the prevention of deviant behavior: dis. ... kand. PED. Sciences: 13.00.01] S. B. Belikova. Stavropol', 2006.-P. 21
  5. 5. Bljasova I.Ju. Deviantnoe povedenie nesovershennoletnih i pravovoj nigilizm: monografija [Deviant behavior of minors and legal nihilism]. Germanija: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2014. 291 p.
  6. 6. Vorob'eva K.A. Profilaktika agressivnogo i deviantnogo povedenija podrostkov v obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenijah [Prevention of aggressive and deviant behavior of adolescents in educational institutions]//Vospitanie shkol'nikov [Education of pupils]. M.: Izd-vo: OOO «Shkol'naja Pressa», 2013. no. 4. P. 45—49.
  7. 7. Kobus' N.G. Social'no-psihologicheskie osobennosti lichnosti nesovershennoletnih pravonarushitelej: diss. 19.00.05 [Social and psychological features of the personality of juvenile offenders: Diss. kand.fp.Sciences 19.00.05]. M., 2006. 197 p.
  8. 8. Muslumova T.V. Pravovaja kul'tura detej: Social'no-filosofskij analiz: monogr [The legal culture of children: a Socio-philosophical analysis]. Ufa: RIC RIO BashGU, 2003. 294 p.
  9. 9. Metodika ocenki urovnja razvitija moral'nogo soznanija (Dilemmy L. Kolberga) [Methods of assessing the level of moral consciousness (L. Kolberg's Dilemmas)]/Diagnostika jemocional'no-nravstvennogo razvitija [Diagnosis of emotional and moral development]. Red. i sost. I.B. Dermanova. SPb.: Rech', 2002. P.103-112.
  10. 10. Chvjakin V.A. Sociologicheskoe issledovanie adaptivnosti i moral'noj normativnosti povedenija deviantnyh podrostkov[Sociological research of adaptability and moral normativity of behavior of deviant teenagers]//Zhurn. Policejskaja dejatel'nost' [Police activity].—M.: Izd-vo OOO «NB-Media», 2014. no. 3. P. 239-250. DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2014.3.12006
  11. 11. Chvjakin V.A., Zhuchkov V.V. Obshhestvennaja bezopasnost' i kommunikativnye reguljatory [Public safety and communication regulators]//Pravo. Jekonomika. Bezopasnost' [Right. Economy. Security]. - M.: Izd-vo OOO «Jekslibris — Press», 2016.-№2 (8). P. 130—132.
  12. 12. Chernikova N.V. Formirovanie nravstvennyh kachestv u podrostkov s deviantnym povedeniem: diss. kand.ped.n. [Formation of moral qualities in adolescents with deviant behavior: dis. kand.PED.sciences']-Lipeck, 2007.-310 p.

Information About the Authors

Natalya A. Slavova, PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Legal Disciplines, Russian New University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Vladimir A. Chvyakin, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Advertising and Public Relations in the Media Industry, Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2608
Previous month: 38
Current month: 18


Total: 535
Previous month: 2
Current month: 1