Psychological Conditions for Increasing Reliability of Professional Actions of a Law Enforcement Specialist

83

Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of improving the professional and performance reliability of a law enforcement specialist by development of background psychophysical levels of consciousness. This approach is implemented taking into account the features of specialist professional activity, current trends of increasing the role of professional-performance factor for reliability for both executional and management tasks. From the methodological point of view, the necessity of improving the traditional model of professional and personal development, systematization of psychological technologies related to the development of the ability to arbitrary self-regulation, filling the basic levels of movement and action construction with invariant professional content is justified. Experimental data confirming the effectiveness of this approach are presented. It is shown that taking into account the regularities of level-by-level integration of psychophysical functions, actualized awareness of actions in the course of training and retrospective reflection can significantly affect the dynamics of development of professional performance qualities, increasing the effectiveness of actions determined by them.

General Information

Keywords: professional reliability, psychological support, psychophysical professional and performing qualities, professional and personal development, levels of formation of actions in the structure of consciousness, sensorimotor sphere, self-regulation.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100215

For citation: Fedotov A.Y. Psychological Conditions for Increasing Reliability of Professional Actions of a Law Enforcement Specialist [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 201–211. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2020100215. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bernstein N.A. O lovkosti i ee razvitii [On dexterity and its development]. Moscow: FIS, 1991. 288 p.
  2. Bernstein N.A. Fiziologiya dvizhenii i aktivnost' [Physiology of movements and activity]. Moscow: Publ. Nauka, 1990. 496 P.
  3. Blaginin A.A. Nadezhnost' professional'noi deyatel'nosti operatorov slozhnykh ergaticheskikh system: monografiya [Reliability of professional activity of operators of complex ergatic systems]. Saint Petersburg: Publ. LGU , 2006. 139 p.
  4. Velichkovsky B.M. Kognitivnaya nauka: Osnovy psikhologii poznaniya [Cognitive science: Fundamentals of the psychology of knowledge]: in 2 vol. - Vol. 1. Moscow: Publ. Sense: Publishing center "Academy", 2006. 448 p.
  5. Zinchenko V.P. Chelovek razvivayushchiisya [Man developing ] In. Morgunov E. B. Essays of Russian psychology. Moscow: 1994. 304 p.
  6. Zinchenko V.P. Funktsional'naya struktura deistviya [Functional structure of action] In.. Gordeeva N. D. (ed.). Moscow: Publ.MGU, 1982. 174 p.
  7. Karasev A.V. Eksperimental'noe issledovanie konstitutsional'nykh svoistv sportsmenov s ispol'zovaniem apparaturnykh psikhofiziologicheskikh metodov [Experimental study of constitutional properties of athletes using hardware psychophysiological methods] Problemy sovremennoi morfologii cheloveka: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 80-letiyu professora B.A. Nikityuka (25-27 sentyabrya 2013 goda). [Problems of modern human morphology: Materials of the international scientific and practical conference dedicated to the 80th anniversary of Professor B. A. Nikityuk] .Moscow: 2013. рp.168-170.
  8. Kruk V.M. Sistemno-situativnyi analiz v prakticheskoi deyatel'nosti dolzhnostnykh lits psikhologicheskoi sluzhby. Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [System-situational analysis in the practical activities of officials of the psychological service]. Moscow: Publ. Bauman Moscow state technical University, 2016. 177p.
  9. Putin V.V. Vystuplenie na kollegii Ministerstva oborony RF. Stenogramma ot 24 dekabrya 2019 g. [Elektronnyi resurs] []Speech at the Board of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation. Transcript of December 24, 2019. рp. 3-5. URL: http://prezident.org/tekst/stenogramma-zasedanija-kollegii-ministerstva-oborony-24-12-2019.html. (Accessed 31. 12. 1019).
  10. Rybnikov V.Yu. Psikhologicheskoe prognozirovanie nadezhnosti deyatel'nosti spetsialistov ekstremal'nogo profilya [Psychological forecasting of reliability of activity of extreme profile specialists. Dr. Sci. (Psychological) diss]. Saint Petersburg . 2000. 433р.
  11. Tomilov V.N. Printsipy formirovaniya ratsional'nykh dvigatel'nykh deistvii v sporte. [Рrinciples’ of formation of rational motor actions in sports Dr. Sci. (Pedagogical) diss]. Saint Petersburg. 2010. 311р .
  12. Fedotov A.Yu. Professional'naya nadezhnost' spetsialista silovykh struktur [Professional reliability of the specialist of power structures Monograph.]. Moscow: Publ. V. Ya. Kikotya Moscow University of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia, 2018. 199p.
  13. Chugunov E.V. Razvitie pianisticheskoi tekhniki v svete urovnevoi teorii organizatsii dvizhenii N. A. Bernshteina. [Development of piano technique in the light of the level theory of movement organization by N. A. Bernstein].. Muzykal'naya psikhologiya, psikhologiya muzykal'nogo obrazovaniya. [Music psychology, psychology of music education]. No. 1. 2014. pp. 47-56.

Information About the Authors

Andrey Y. Fedotov, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Head, Educational and Scientific Complex of the Psychology of Performance, V.Ya. Kikot’ Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation Moscow, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7693-2419, e-mail: fedot-andrey2008@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 414
Previous month: 11
Current month: 5

Downloads

Total: 83
Previous month: 4
Current month: 6