Role and Involvement of Parents in the Cybergrooming Process



Parents are the main protectors of the child from the dangers of the Internet, including cybergrooming. However, when faced with cybergroomers, not all parents behave optimally. The article discusses the roles that parents can play in such situations. Particular attention is paid to situations when a parent is used by a criminal to influence a child and involve him in sexual activities; the concept of «parent-mediated cybergrooming» is proposed. The empirical study is a analysis of materials from criminal cases, consisting of 33 transcripts of Internet communications between parents and cyber groomers. Typical parental behaviors are described. Three groups of parents were identified depending on their online behavior and the corresponding potential victimization of their children. The conclusion was made about the predominant desire of parents to protect their children (60.7%). However, some parents put their children at risk (15.1%) or direct danger (24.2%) of cybergrooming and other sexual abuse. Variants of prevention of involvement of minors in cybergrooming, including through communication with their parents, are proposed.

General Information

Keywords: Internet, cyber (online) grooming, communication, children, adolescents, parents, sexual abuse, sexual crime

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Medvedeva A.S., Dozortseva E.G. Role and Involvement of Parents in the Cybergrooming Process [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 146–159. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2021110211. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anna S. Medvedeva, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Child and Adolescence, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Lead Forensic Expert, North-Western Regional Center of Forensic Expertise of the Ministry of Justice of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena G. Dozortseva, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher, Laboratory for Child and Adolescent Psychology, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation,Member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychology and Law” member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Psychological Science and Education”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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