The Research of Personality Structure of Male Prisoners Convicted for Violent Crimes

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Abstract

The study of a criminal personality is a crucial task not only in the scope of criminal psychology of today but also for others: forensic sciences, jurisprudence, sociology, etc. Understanding the criminal personality's characteristics is important for diagnosis, designing of psycho-corrective measures, and development of preventive measures. For psychological research, it is interesting to study the deep aspects of personality, it can help to identify the main causes of what is amenable to external observation: one’s behaviour, emotional reactions. Thus, the purpose of this work is to study the personality structure of people who have committed serious crimes. The theory of G. Ammon serves as the methodological basis. The sample: 30 men convicted of violent crimes (art. 105, art. 111 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: murder and intentional infliction of grievous bodily harm, respectively) and 30 men who did not commit offences. The obtained results indicate that the perpetrators of violent crimes have both external (p=0.000) and internal (p=0.000) person-ality boundaries violated; the research revealed violations in the functioning of the Self-system (reflection of the integrity of the personality, its mental unity).

General Information

Keywords: personality of a criminal, personality boundaries, Self-system, personality structure, per-sonality characteristics, identity, personality structure of a criminal, serious crimes

Journal rubric: Penitentiary Psychology and Penal Practice

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120205

Received: 15.07.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Zaitseva D., Pushkina T., Dorosheva E., Magdenko O. The Research of Personality Structure of Male Prisoners Convicted for Violent Crimes [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 55–68. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Daria Zaitseva, PhD, Postgraduate Student Faculty, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2517-9767, e-mail: dashazaitseva.psy@gmail.com

Tatiana Pushkina, Senior Lecturer, Department of Clinical Psychology, V. Zelman Institute of Medicine and Psychology, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3289-6759, e-mail: pushkina.nsk@gmail.com

Elena Dorosheva, PhD in Biology, PhD in Biology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Comparative Psychology, V. Zelman Institute of Medicine and Psychology, Novosibirsk State University, Senior Researcher, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Behavior and Neurotechnology, Research Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9593-4345, e-mail: elena.dorosheva@mail.ru

Olga Magdenko, PhD in Psychology, Lecturer, Department of Clinical Psychology, V. Zelman Institute of Medicine and Psychology, Novosibirsk State University, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8092-9722, e-mail: olga_mag@academ.org

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