Some Psychological and Legal Issues of Mandatory Consideration of the Opinion of a Child who Has Reached the Age of Ten Years in Judicial Consideration of Disputes About His Upbringing

134

Abstract

In order to indicate the debatable nature of the legal norm of Art. 57 of the Family Code of the Russian Federation — the obligation to take into account the opinion of a child who has reached the age of 10 years, when considering disputes about education by the courts - the features of the analysis by children of 9.5—11 years of age (N=68) of morally ambiguous problem situations are studied. Research methods: compiling a story based on sequential pictures, Dilemmas of L. Kohlberg. It has been established that the majority of children are at the 3rd stage of the conventional level of development of moral consciousness according to Kohlberg. There are more boys among those who are not successful in understanding the hidden moral meaning of situations, and those who, in their reasoning, tend to rely on the requirements of society as a whole. Girls are more likely to draw on their own experience and are more likely to take into account the perceived experiences of another. The above results and conclusions can serve as a basis for improving the relevant legal norm and the practice of its application.

General Information

Keywords: rights of the child, the opinion of the child, moral development, Dilemmas of L. Kohlberg, child custody evaluations

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120303

Received: 30.06.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Ilyina O.Y., Rusakovskaya O.A., Tumanova L.V., Chubarova O. Some Psychological and Legal Issues of Mandatory Consideration of the Opinion of a Child who Has Reached the Age of Ten Years in Judicial Consideration of Disputes About His Upbringing [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 27–38. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Grishaev S.P. Postateinyi kommentarii k Semeinomu kodeksu Rossiiskoi Federatsii. 2nd ed. [Elektronnyi resurs]. Konsul’tantPlyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi? req=doc&base=CMB&n=18540#D9nusFTwB9A009Ru (Accessed 29.06.2021). (In Russ.).
  2. Egorova O.A., Bespalov Yu.F. Nastol’naya kniga sud’i po semeinym delam: Uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie. Moscow: Prospekt, 2013. 240 p. (in Russ.).
  3. Ilyina O.Yu. Mnenie i soglasie rebenka pri rassmotrenii sporov o ego vospitanii: formy vyrazheniya i pravovye posledstviya. Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Rebenok i pravosudie” (g. Moskva, 13 dekabrya 2018 goda). Moscow: APPP Publ., 2018, pp. 66–72 (In Russ.).
  4. Konventsiya o pravakh rebenka (odobrena General’noi Assambleei OON 20.11.1989) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Konsul’tantPlyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_9959/ (Accessed 29.06.2021). (In Russ.).
  5. Maksimovich L.B. Pravo rebenka vyrazhat’ svoe mnenie: soderzhanie i granitsy [The child''s right to express his/her opinion: the content and limits]. Semeinoe i zhilishchnoe pravo = Family and Housing Law, 2018, no 6, pp. 4–6 (In Russ.).
  6. Metodika otsenki urovnya razvitiya moral’nogo soznaniya (Dilemmy L. Kolberga). In Dermanova I.B. (ed.). Diagnostika emotsional’no-nravstvennogo razvitiya. Saint Petersburg, 2002, pp. 103–112 (In Russ.).
  7. Pirogova E.E. Problemy realizatsii prava rebenka vyrazhat’ svoe mnenie v sude po delam o zashchite ego prav [Issues of exercising the child’s right to express in court its opinion on cases of protection of its rights]. Semeinoe i zhilishchnoe pravo = Family and Housing Law, 2016, no. 3, pp. 10–13 (In Russ.).
  8. Radlov N.E. Rasskazy v kartinkakh. Moscow: Melik-Pashaev, 2017. 48 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Rusakovskaya O.A., Kalashnikova A.S., Kharitonova N.K., Safuanov F.S. Aktual’noe sostoyanie i problemy kompleksnoi psikhologo-psikhiatricheskoi ekspertizy po sporam o vospitanii [The current state and problems of complex psychological and psychiatric evaluation in child custody disputes] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2021, no. 1, pp. 24–36. doi:10.47877/1560-957X-2021-10103 (In Russ., abstr. In Engl.).
  10. Rusakovskaya O.A., Novikova-Grund M.V., Andrianova S.B. Psikhosemanticheskii podkhod k otsenke roditel’skogo otnosheniya [The psychosemiotic approach towards assessment of parental attitude] [Elektronnyi resurs]. ]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2019, no. 4, pp. 27–35. doi:10.24411/1560-957X-2019-11933 (In Russ., abstr. In Engl.).
  11. Safuanov F.S., Kalashnikova A.S., Perepravina Yu.O., Chernenkov A.D. Metodologicheskie osnovy diagnostiki psikhologicheskogo indutsirovaniya rebenka pri proizvodstve kompleksnoi sudebnoi psikhologo-psikhiatricheskoi ekspertizy po delam o zashchite interesov detei: Metodicheskie rekomendatsii. Moscow: FGBU “NMITs PN im. V.P. Serbskogo” Minzdrava Rossii Publ., 2020. 39 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Semeinyi kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 29.12.1995 No. 223-FZ (red. ot 04.08.2020). [Elektronnyi resurs]. Konsul’tantPlyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/ cons_doc_LAW_8982/ (Accessed 29.06.2021). (In Russ.).
  13. Tarusina N.N. Neskol’ko tezisov o prave rebenka na vyrazhenie mneniya [A Few Points on the Child’s Right to Express Opinion] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik YarGU. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki = Vestnik Yaroslavskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. P.G. Demidova. Seriya gumanitarnye nauki, 2018, no. 2(44), pp. 49–53. doi:10.18255/1996-5648-2018-2-49-53 (In Russ., abstr. In Engl.)
  14. Kharitonova N.K., Rusakovskaya O.A. Kompleksnaya psikhologo-psikhiatricheskaya ekspertiza po sporam o poryadke vospitaniya detei roditelyami, prozhivayushchimi razdel’no. In Makushkin E.V., Tkachenko A.A. (eds.). Sudebno-psikhiatricheskaya diagnostika. Moscow: FGBU “FMICPN im. V.P. Serbskogo” Minzdrava Rossii, 2017, pp. 601–625 (In Russ.).
  15. Kohlberg L. Development of moral character and moral ideology. In M.L. Hoffman, L.W. Hoffman (eds.). Review of child development research. N.Y.: Russel Sage Foundation, 1964. Vol. 1, pp. 381–431.

Information About the Authors

Olga Y. Ilyina, Doctor of Law, professor, Dean, Faculty of Law, Tver State University, Tver, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1939-9712, e-mail: Ilina.OY@tversu.ru

Olga A. Rusakovskaya, PhD in Medicine, Senior Researcher, Department of Forensic Psychiatric Examination in Civil Proceedings; Associate Professor, Educational and Methodological Department, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5602-3904, e-mail: rusakovskaya.o@serbsky.ru

Lidiya V. Tumanova, Doctor of Law, professor, Department of Judiciary and Law Enforcement Activities, Faculty of Law, Tver state University, Tver, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2438-7428, e-mail: Tumanova.LV@tversu.ru

Olga Chubarova, Teacher-Psychologist, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7123-6489, e-mail: o.chubarova.psy@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 358
Previous month: 15
Current month: 10

Downloads

Total: 134
Previous month: 3
Current month: 1