“Problem Situations”: Testing as a Forensic Psychiatric Research Method when Changing Civil Legal Status

20

Abstract

As part of solving the task of developing methods to improve the quality and evidence of forensic psychiatric decisions, in a comparative non-randomized study the “Problem Situations” methodology was tested as a method of forensic psychiatric assessment in civil cases on applications for change civil legal status. The sample consisted of 67 subjects who underwent inpatient forensic psychiatric examination in connection with the decision on the issue of changing their civil status in 2021—2022. A conclusion corresponding to legal capacity was given in relation to 12 people; diminished legal capacity - 24 people; incapacity — 31 people. Pairwise group comparisons using Pearson’s goodness-of-fit test (Chi-square) and biclustering procedures confirmed the predictive validity of the method.

General Information

Keywords: forensic psychiatry, legal incapacity, diminished capacity, financial capacity, forensic in-struments, problem situations

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140110

Funding. The reported study was funded by Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation within the framework of the state task, project internet number in Unified State Accounting Information System for research, development and technological civil works № 124020800063-2.

Received: 14.12.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Rusakovskaya O.A. “Problem Situations”: Testing as a Forensic Psychiatric Research Method when Changing Civil Legal Status [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 152–167. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140110. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Anshakov O.M. DSM-metod: teoretiko-mnozhestvennoe ob”yasnenie. Nauchno-tekhnicheskaya informatsiya. Seriya 2: Informatsionnye protsessy i sistemy = Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics, 2012, no. 9, pp. 1–19. (In Russ.).
  2. Arkhipov S.I. Sub”ekt prava (teoreticheskoe issledovanie): Avtoref. diss. dokt. yurid. nauk. Yekaterinburg, 2005. 31 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Makushkina O.A, Mugantseva L.A., Tarasov V.G. Osnovnye pokazateli deyatel’nosti sudebno-psikhiatricheskoi ekspertnoi sluzhby Rossiiskoi Federatsii (2011-2021 gg.): Informatsionno-analiticheskii spravochnik. Moscow: Natsional’nyi meditsinskii issledovatel’skii tsentr psikhiatrii i narkologii imeni V.P. Serbskogo Publ., 2023. 180 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Novikova-Grund M.V. Lingvistika mezhdu psikhologiei i psikhoterapiei: most nad propast’yu. Moscow: Tekhnosfera, 2021. 318 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Novikova-Grund M.V., Rusakovskaya O.A., Shvedovskaya A.A., Andrianova S.B. Psikhosemioticheskii analiz roditel’skogo otnosheniya k svoim detyam materei, stradayushchikh shizofreniei [Psychosemiotic Analysis of Parental Attitude Towards Children of Mothers Suffering from Schizophrenia] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 118–136. doi:10.17759/cpse.2021100406 (In Russ.).
  6. Perepravina Ju.O. Sposobnost’ grazhdanina k soversheniyu sdelki: kriterii sudebno-psikhologicheskikh ekspertnykh otsenok [Deal-Making Capacity of a Citizen: Criteria for Forensic Psychological Assessment] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 153–168. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110411 (In Russ.).
  7. Perepravina Y.O., Safuanov F.S. Osobennosti motivatsii u lits s psikhicheskimi rasstroistvami, vliyayushchie na sposobnost’ sovershat’ sdelki [Motivation in Persons with Mental Disorders Influencing the Deal-Making Capacity] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhiatriya, psikhoterapiya i klinicheskaya psikhologiya = Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Clinical Psychology, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 259–265. doi:10.34883/PI.2023.14.3.010 (In Russ.).
  8. Rusakovskaya O.A. Metodika “Problemnye situatsii”: rezul’taty biklasterizatsii [Elektronnyi resurs] [Nabor dannykh]. RusPsyData: Repozitorii psikhologicheskikh issledovanii i instrumentov = Psychological Research Data & Tools Repository. Moscow, 2023. URL: https://ruspsydata.mgppu.ru/items/990d2c29-86b8-4456-9268-50565c8f750e/full (Accessed 12.02.2024). doi:10.48612/MSUPE/v669-u87g-tpdf (In Russ.).
  9. Rusakovskaya O.A. “Problemnye situatsii” kak metodika sudebno-psikhiatricheskogo issledovaniya: parametry otsenki i proverka vnutrennei soglasovannosti [“Problem Situations” as a Forensic Assessment Instrument: Assessing Parameters and Checking Internal Consistency] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 94–109. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2023130208 (In Russ.).
  10. Rusakovskaya O.A., Kharitonova N.K., Vasyanina V.I., Biryukova E.A., Kazarina E.V. Analiz povtornykh sudebno-psikhiatricheskikh ekspertiz po delam ob izmenenii grazhdansko-pravovogo statusa s uchetom sudebnykh reshenii [Analysis of repeated forensic psychiatric assessments in cases of changing civil status with consideration of court decisions] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2022, no. 6, pp. 4–13. doi:10.47877/1560-957Kh-2022-10601 (In Russ.).
  11. Safuanov F.S., Kharitonova N.K., Zeiger M.V., Perepravina Yu.O., Khristoforova M.A. Kompleksnaya sudebnaya psikhologo-psikhiatricheskaya ekspertiza po delam ob ogranichenii deesposobnosti vsledstvie psikhicheskogo rasstroistva: problemy i perspektivy [Complex forensic psychiatric examination of cases concerning restriction of legal capacity due to mental disorder: challenges and prospects]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2016, no. 2, pp. 37–43. (In Russ.).
  12. Skorobogatova V.V. Priznanie nedeesposobnym ili ogranichenno deesposobnym nesovershennoletnego litsa: sravnitel’no-pravovoi aspekt [Recognition of a minor as being incompetent or partially incompetent: comparative-legal aspect] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Baikal Research Journal, Vol. 8, no. 4. doi:10.17150/2411-6262.2017.8(4).29 (In Russ.).
  13. Kharitonova N.K., Koroleva E.V. Pravovye i metodologicheskie aspekty sudebno-psikhiatricheskoi ekspertizy v grazhdanskom protsesse. In Tkachenko A.A. (Ed.). Rukovodstvo po sudebnoi psikhiatrii: V 2 t. T. 2: Prakticheskoe posobie. 4th ed. Moscow: Yurait, 2023. S. 15–46.
  14. Kharitonova N.K., Rusakovskaya O.A. Ogranichenie deesposobnosti v svyazi s psikhicheskim rasstroistvom pri ponizhenii i povyshenii grazhdansko-pravovogo statusa: analiz sotsial’nogo zaprosa i predstavlennosti otdel’nykh psikhicheskikh rasstroistv [Diminished legal capacity due to mental disorder in cases of raising or lowering the civil status: an analysis of social demand and representation of mental disorders] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2022, no. 1, pp. 16–23. doi:10.47877/1560-957X-2022-10102 (In Russ.).
  15. Kharitonova N.K., Rusakovskaya O.A. Psikhometricheskie metodiki zarubezhnoi sudebno-psikhiatricheskoi praktiki i ikh teoreticheskaya osnova [The psychometric methods in foreign forensic-psychiatric practice and their theoretical foundation]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2018, no. 5, pp. 64–73. (In Russ.).
  16. Kharitonova N.K., Rusakovskaya O.A., Vasyanina V.I. Metodika provedeniya sudebno-psikhiatricheskoi ekspertizy pri vosstanovlenii deesposobnosti grazhdanina: metod. re-komendatsii. Moscow: Natsional’nyi meditsinskii issledovatel’skii tsentr psikhiatrii i narkologii imeni V.P. Serbskogo Publ., 2021. 32 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Edelstein B. Challenges in the assessment of decision-making capacity. Journal of Aging Studies, 2000. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 423–437. doi:10.1016/S0890-4065(00)80006-7
  18. Efimova E.A., Lunicheva D.S. Applying Graph Theory to Study the Results of JSM Reasoning. Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics, 2023. Vol. 57, pp. 267–273. doi:3103/S0005105523050023
  19. Flores E.V., Lichtenberg P.A. Cross-validation of the Lichtenberg Financial Decision Rating Scale. Clinical Gerontologist, 2023. Vol. 46, no. 2. doi:10.1080/07317115.2023.2196989
  20. Grisso T., Borum R., Edens J.F., Moye J., Otto R.K. Evaluating Competencies: Forensic Assessments and Instruments. Boston, MA: Springer Science Business Media, Inc., 2003. 553 p.
  21. Lichtenberg P.A., Ficker L., Rahman-Filipiak A., Tatro R. Ba, Farrell C., Speir J.J., Mall S.J., Simasko P., Collens H.H., Jackman J.D. The Lichtenberg Financial Decision Screening Scale (LFDSS): A new tool for assessing financial decision making and pre-venting financial exploitation. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 2016. Vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 134–151. doi:10.1080/08946566.2016.1168333
  22. Lichtenberg P., Gross E., Ficker L. Quantifying risk of financial incapacity and financial exploitation in community-dwelling older adults: utility of a scoring system for the Lichtenberg Financial Decision-making Rating Scale. Clinical Gerontologist, 2020. Vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 266–280. doi:10.1080/07317115.2018.1485812
  23. Lichtenberg P.A., Stoltman J., Ficker L.J., Iris M., Mast B. A person-centered approach to financial capacity assessment: preliminary development of a new rating scale. Clinical Gerontologist, Vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 49–67. doi:10.1080/07317115.2014.970318

Information About the Authors

Olga A. Rusakovskaya, PhD in Medicine, Senior Researcher, Department of Forensic Psychiatric Examination in Civil Proceedings; Associate Professor, Educational and Methodological Department, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5602-3904, e-mail: rusakovskaya.o@serbsky.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 15
Previous month: 0
Current month: 15

Downloads

Total: 20
Previous month: 0
Current month: 20