Individual-Psychological Characteristics of Cadets of Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with Motivation for Dismissal Due to High Physical and Volitional Costs

95

Abstract

In order to improve the prediction of potential personnel turnover, the analysis of different level indicators of individual-psychological qualities of cadets of educational institutions of Ministry of Internal Affairs with differentiated consideration of motivation for dismissal was carried out. 164 officers aged 17 to 22 years (average age — 17.81±0.39 years) were examined, 31.1% were female. The average length of service in the Ministry of Internal Affairs was 19.79±14.95 months. The psychological characteristics specific to individuals with motivation to dismissal due to high physical and volitional costs compared to cadets with other motivations to dismissal were identified. It was revealed that they are characterized by developed cognitive abilities, a pronounced need for self-assertion with the desire to increase their importance in the eyes of others in combination with a low desire for cooperation and a tendency to act contrary to social obligations in favor of their own interests. Obtained predictive models of classification of cadets allow to identify a risk group and predictors of potential staff turnover on their basis.

General Information

Keywords: cadets of educational institutions of Ministry of Internal Affairs, individual-psychological characteristics, motivation to dismissal, prediction of potential staff turnover

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120401

Received: 27.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Kostina E.V., Dubinsky A.A., Bulygina V.G. Individual-Psychological Characteristics of Cadets of Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with Motivation for Dismissal Due to High Physical and Volitional Costs [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 2–15. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120401. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Andrianov A.S. Razvitie lichnostno-professional’nykh kachestv sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del: Diss. kand. ped. nauk. Barnaul, 2020. 189 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Anikeeva N.V., Parshutin I.A. Issledovanie volevoi sfery lichnosti kursantov, obuchayushchikhsya v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh MVD Rossii otkrytogo i zakrytogo tipov [The study of volitional sphere of the personality of cadets, students in the educational organizations of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia open and closed types] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 142–154. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080413 (In Russ.).
  3. Bovin B.G. Psikhologicheskaya model’ professional’noi prigodnosti k operativno-rozysknoi deyatel’nosti [Psychological Model of Professional Fitness for Investigative Activities] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 126–137. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110409 (In Russ.).
  4. Bodrov V.A. Psikhologiya professional’noi deyatel’nosti. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problemy. Moscow: Per Se, 2006. 622 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Burtsev A.O., Efimkina N.V., Kudinov S.I., Pozin A.I. Issledovanie samorealizatsii sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Self-realization in Officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 90–105. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110108 (In Russ.).
  6. Vinogradov M.V., Ulyanina O.A. Osnovnye napravleniya psikhologicheskoi raboty s kursantami i slushatelyami, a takzhe sotrudnikami, vpervye prinyatymi na sluzhbu, v period professional’nogo obucheniya, v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh sistemy MVD Rossii (Chast’ 1) [The Main Directions of Psychological Work with Cadets and First Recruited Officers in Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (part 1)] i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1–14. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090201 (In Russ.).
  7. Vinogradov M.V., Ulyanina O.A. Osnovnye napravleniya psikhologicheskoi raboty s kursantami i slushatelyami, a takzhe sotrudnikami, vpervye prinyatymi na sluzhbu, v period professional’nogo obucheniya v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh sistemy MVD Rossii (Chast’ 2) [Main directions of psychological work with cadets, listeners and first recruited officers in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (part 2)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 245–260. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090318 (In Russ.).
  8. Voronov D.A. Tsennostno-smyslovaya napravlennost’ formirovaniya professional’no-znachimykh kachestv sotrudnikov politsii v obrazovatel’noi organizatsii MVD Rossii: Avtoref. diss. kand. ped. nauk. Armavir, 2020. 27 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Goncharova N.A., Kalashnik A.A., Sitnikov V.L. Sravnitel’nyi analiz vyrazhennosti svoistv, limitiruyushchikh professional’nuyu psikhologicheskuyu prigodnost’ sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del [Comparative Analysis of Intensity of Traits Limiting the Professional and Psychological Fitness of Internal Affairs Officers] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 17–25. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110202 (In Russ.).
  10. Goncharova N.A., Kostyleva I.V. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti aksiologicheskoi nadezhnosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del na razlichnykh stadiyakh professiogeneza [Psychological features of axiological reliability of staff of bodies of internal affairs at various stages of a professiogenez] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 25–33. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080302 (In Russ.).
  11. Dulov A.V. Psikhologicheskoe obespechenie uchebno-vospitatel’nogo protsessa v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh MVD Rossii: Avtoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. Saint Petersburg, 2005. 24 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Eremenko T.E. Psikhologicheskie faktory uspeshnosti sluzhebnoi deyatel’nosti kursantov obrazovatel’nykh organizatsii MVD Rossii: Avtoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. Moscow, 2016. 27 (In Russ.).
  13. Kobzin D.A. Rabota po adaptatsii molodykh sotrudnikov v pravookhranitel’nykh organakh. Psikhopedagogika v pravookhranitel’nykh organakh = Psychopedagogy in Law Enforcement, 1999, no. 2, pp. 53–56. (In Russ.).
  14. Kompleksnoe issledovanie problemy vysokogo urovnya uvol’nenii vypusknikov OU MVD Rossii v techenie pervykh 3-kh let sluzhby: otchet o nauchno-issledovatel’skoi rabote. Sibirskii yuridicheskii institut MVD Rossii; ruk. D.D. Nevirko; ispol.: N.A. Gorbach i dr. Krasnoyarsk, 2009 (In Russ.).
  15. Kubyshko V.L., Kruk V.M., Vakhnina V.V., Fedotov A.Yu. K probleme psikhologicheskogo obespecheniya professional’noi nadezhnosti spetsialista silovykh struktur [On the Question of Psychological Support for Occupational Reliability of Power Structures Professionals] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 18–32. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100402 (In Russ.).
  16. Nevirko D.D., Gorbach N.A. Sistema monitoringa tekuchesti kadrov vypusknikov VUZov MVD Rossii [The system of monitoring the turnover of graduates of universities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia]. Vestnik Sibirskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii = Vestnik of Siberian Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, 2008, no. 1 (1), pp. 114–122 (In Russ.).
  17. Novoselskaya S.R. Faktory, vliyayushchie na formirovanie obraza professii u kursantov obrazovatel’nykh organizatsii MVD Rossii [Factors influencing the formation of the profession image of trainers of educational organizations of the MIA of Russia] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pedagogika sluzhebnoi deyatel’nosti = Psychology and Pedagogics of Official Activity, 2021, no. 4, pp. 94–97. doi:10.24412/2658-638X-2021-4-94-97 (In Russ.).
  18. Noss I.N., Borodina T.I. Lichnostno-professional’naya spetsifikatsiya v diagnostike personala [Personal and professional specification in staff diagnostics]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta = Bulletin of Moscow Region State University, 2015, no. 3 (In Russ.).
  19. Svinareva O.V. Pedagogicheskoe soprovozhdenie kursantov obrazovatel’nykh organizatsii MVD Rossii v period adaptatsii k obrazovatel’nomu protsessu: Avtoref. diss. kand. ped. nauk. Moscow, 2017. 24 p. (In Russ.).
  20. Sovershenstvovanie sotsial’noi i professional’noi adaptatsii uchashchikhsya k usloviyam uchebnoi i sluzhebnoi deyatel’nosti v obrazovatel’nykh uchrezhdeniyakh MVD Rossii: otchet o NIR (zaklyuch.). Sibirskii yuridicheskii institut MVD Rossii; ruk. N.A. Gorbach; ispoln.: K.V. Rubchevskii. Krasnoyarsk, 2001. (In Russ.).
  21. Ulyanina O.A. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh MVD Rossii [Psychological diagnostics in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 61–76. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080205 (In Russ.).
  22. Ulyanina O.A., Levi M.V., Teplova O.A. Eksperimental’noe issledovanie formirovaniya lichnostnoi kompetentnosti sotrudnikov OVD [Experimental Study of Formation of Police Officers’ Personal Competence] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 179–200. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100214 (In Russ.).
  23. Shuklin M.S. Problemy trudovoi adaptatsii i tekuchest’ molodykh kadrov organov vnutrennikh del v sovremennoi Rossii: Diss. kand. sotsiol. nauk. Yekaterinburg, 2006. 198 p. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Elena V. Kostina, Head Department of Psychological Work, Department for Work with Personnel, Vladimir Kikot Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9741-1089, e-mail: kasatka1317@mail.ru

Alexander A. Dubinsky, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychohygiene and Psychoprophylaxis, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6091-3299, e-mail: aleksandr-dubinskij@yandex.ru

Vera G. Bulygina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Laboratory of Psychohygiene and Psychoprophylaxis, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5584-1251, e-mail: ver210@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 294
Previous month: 15
Current month: 7

Downloads

Total: 95
Previous month: 11
Current month: 0