Situational Factors of Child Sexual Abuse

114

Abstract

Certain aspects of child sexual abuse are well studied in Russia and elsewhere. These are, in particular, risk factor studies focused on the characteristics of children who have been victims of sexual abuse as well as those who have committed sexual abuse against children. Researchers pay insufficient attention to the situational factors under the influence of which the crime became possible. These include the parameters of the physical and social environment in which the child was at the time or during the commission of abuse, the characteristics of the offender that determined his or her access to the child, and situations in which monitoring of children’s safety was insufficient. Prevention strategies should include educating and informing parents, guardians, and children about the risks of violence, creating a safe environment for children in children’s organisations, and developing organisational measures focused on policies, practices, and strategies that can reduce the vulnerability of children and adolescents and enable all adults to play an active role in their protection.

General Information

Keywords: child sexual abuse, situational factors, prevention, children, minors

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130304

Funding. The work was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 19-113-50431 “Factors of Child Sexual Abuse: An Analytical Review of Theoretical Models and Results of Empirical Research”. The work was carried out on the basis of the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences — a branch of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Received: 20.04.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Eritsyan K.Y., Odinokova V.A., Rusakova M.M. Situational Factors of Child Sexual Abuse [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 44–55. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Ksenia Y. Eritsyan, PhD in Psychology, Researcher at Psychology Institute, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4400-0593, e-mail: ksenia.eritsyan@gmail.com

Veronika A. Odinokova, PhD in Sociology, Senior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Sociology in Education and Science, Saint-Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Area Studies, HSE University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-9109, e-mail: veronika.odinokova@gmail.com

Maia M. Rusakova, PhD in Sociology, Associate Professor, Department of Applied and Branch Sociology, Faculty of Sociology, St. Petersburg University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4597-2837, e-mail: m.rusakova@spbu.ru

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