Characteristics of Maternal Attitude linked to Values-Based



Objective. Finding out the characteristics of maternal attitude towards adolescents in relation to their gender, family composition and place of living, as well as to value orientations of the adolescents. Background. Taking in account the ongoing discussions on the upbringing role of the family and growing interest to the phenomena of modern childhood and parenting revealing of the main aspects of child-parent relations and their influence on value orientations of adolescents seems to be important. Study design. Maternal attitude (within its measurements of emotional involvement and overprotection) in relation to value orientations of modern adolescents was investigated. Main statistical procedures used were exploratory factor analysis and correlation analysis. Participants. The survey was undertaken on the sample of 7384 adolescents (mean age 16,3, 42% male) living in several Federal Regions of Russia. Measurements. Russian-language version of PBI (Parental Bonding Inventory) questionnaire, author’s scale “Proverbs”. Results. According to the obtained results the evaluation given to maternal attitude by the adolescents is significantly related to their gender, family structure and place of living. Higher estimates of maternal acceptance are positively correlated with adolescents’ values-based orientations linked to justice, support and diligence. Contrarily, the subjects who described their mothers like overprotecting were more inclined to the mindset based on self-adjustment, gaining personal beneficiaries and strong self-centration. Conclusions. There is a significant relation between maternal attitude and value orientations of modern adolescents.

General Information

Keywords: values-based orientations of adolescents, maternal attitude, parent-child relationships, maternal overprotecting behavior

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Novikova M.A., Rean A.A. Characteristics of Maternal Attitude linked to Values-Based. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2021. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 148–165. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2021120209. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Maria A. Novikova, PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Institute of Education National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Artur A. Rean, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, head of the laboratory for the prevention of antisocial behavior, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Academician of the RAE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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