The Psyche and Consciousness in the Logic of Cognition



In this article we argue that phenomenon of consciousness still has no clear explanation. No one knows where it comes from or what it actually does. We describe diff erent explanations of consciousness that arose throughout the history of psychology and discuss why they are likely to be a dead-end. It is shown that denying an explanation (as it is done in behaviorism) emasculate psychology, leaving it unable to present a good theory. As an alternative we suggest a view of radical cognitivism: psyche and consciousness should be explained by a logic of cognition. Such logic allows us to construe why psyche and consciousness are necessary tools of cognition. We express our hope that it is the path that will help psychology become a logical science.

General Information

Keywords: psyche, consciousness, cognition, logic, emotional signals, awareness, history of psychology

Article type: report

For citation: Allakhverdov V.M. The Psyche and Consciousness in the Logic of Cognition. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 1, pp. 35–46. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

Information About the Authors

Victor M. Allakhverdov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of General Psychology, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Saint Petersburg State University”, President of the St. Petersburg Psychological Society, chairman of the program committee of the III Congress of the RPO, chairman of the expert council of the RPO, member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Methodology and History of Psychology”., St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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