Sensory-Perceptual Processing in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Based on the Study of Visual and Haptic Perception

280

Abstract

Few existing experimental studies of haptic perception and object exploration in autism address perceptual actions in children with ASD. Haptic perception plays an important role in the formation of perceptual processes in early childhood. Stereotypical behaviour in children with ASD and observed sensory abnormalities in different modalities point to the need to study haptic perception as well. The purpose of this study was to examine haptic perception in children with ASD and their peers in comparison to their visual perception. 16 typically developing and 18 children with ASD aged from 6 to 15 years of age participated in this study. The experiment took place in the context of a game in which children were asked to touch an object, name it, and draw what they think it is, then the same stimuli were presented in the visual modality. To register hand movements in a contactless manner for the first time, “Leap Motion” was implemented. The results indicate that children with ASD have underdeveloped perceptual actions in the process of haptic perception of the stimuli, which manifested itself in a lack of contour-following, longer fixations on local components of the figure, which was also evident in the names and drawings of the stimuli given by children with ASD. The drawings and names that children with ASD gave to perceived stimuli often included geometric shapes. Such outcomes provide more proof of general deficits in perception in children with autism.

General Information

Keywords: autistic spectrum disorder, haptic perception, sensory-perceptual processing, motion capture, visual perception, childhood autism

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.304

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for assistance in data collection R. S. Mukhayarov

For citation: Mamaychuk I.I., Uld Semeta M.B. Sensory-Perceptual Processing in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Based on the Study of Visual and Haptic Perception. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 261–273. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2020.304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Ozonoff S. et al. Atypical Object Exploration at 12 Months of Age is Associated with Autism in a Prospective Sample. Autism, 2008, no. 5 (12), pp. 457–472. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361308096402.
  2. Iverson J. M., Wozniak R. H. Variation in Vocal-Motor Development in Infant Siblings of Children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007, no. 1 (37), pp. 158–170. https://doi. org/10.1007/s10803-006-0339-z.
  3. Kaur M., Srinivasan S. M., Bhat A. N. Atypical Object Exploration in Infants At-risk for Autism Dur- ing the First Year of Life. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, no. 6 (798). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00798.
  4. Foss-Feig J. H., Heacock J. L., Cascio C. J. Tactile Responsiveness Patterns and Their Association with Core Features in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2012, no. 6 (1), pp. 337–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2011.06.007.
  5. Rogers S. J., Hepburn S., Wehner E. Parent Reports of Sensory Symptoms in Toddlers with Autism and Those with Other Developmental Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2003, no. 6 (33), pp. 631–642. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JADD.0000006000.38991.a7.
  6. Ben-Sasson A., Cermak S. A., Orsmond G. I., Tager-Flusberg H., Carter A. S., Kadlec M. B., Dunn W. Extreme Sensory Modulation Behaviors in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2007, no. 61 (5), pp. 584–592. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.61.5.584.
  7. Pierce K. et al. Preference for Geometric Patterns Early in Life as a Risk Factor for Autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2011, no. 1 (68), p. 101. https://doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.113.
  8. Kawa R., Pisula E. Exploratory Behaviour and Adaptation to Novelty in Preschool Children with Autism — a Preliminary Report. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 2013, no. 1 (44), pp. 21–30.
  9. Zaporozheс A. V. Selected Psychological Works: in 2 vol. Vol. 2. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1986. (In Russian)
  10. Lederman S., Klatzky R. Hand Movements: a Window into Haptic Object Recognition. Cognitive psychology, 1987, no. 19 (3), pp. 342–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(87)90008-9.
  11. Chukhutova G. L., Prokof ’ev А. О., Grachev V. V., Stroganova Т. А. Children’s Perception of Images Embedded in Noise. Voprosy psihologii, 2010, no. 5, pp. 114–124. (In Russian)
  12. Frith U. Autism: Explaining the Enigma. Oxford, Blackwell, 1989.
  13. Happé F., Frith U. The Weak Coherence Account: Detail-focused Cognitive Style in Autism Spec- trum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006, no. 36 (1), pp. 5–25. https://doi. org/10.1007/s10803-005-0039-0.
  14. Mottron L. et al. Enhanced Perceptual Functioning in Autism: an Update, and Eight Principles of Autistic Perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006, no. 36 (1), pp. 27–43. https://doi. org/10.1007/s10803-005-0040-7.
  15. Nakano T., Kato N., Kitazawa S. Superior Haptic-to-visual Shape Matching in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Neuropsychologia, 2012, no. 5 (50), pp. 696–703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.12.024.
  16. Lublinskaya А. А. The Role of Speech in the Development of Vsual Perception in Children. Voprosy detskoi i obshhei psihologii. Ed. by B. G. Ananev. Мoscow, APN RSFSR Publ., 1954, pp. 3–30. (In Russian)
  17. Rozengart-Pupko G. L. Speech and Perception Development in Early Childhood. Moscow, AMN SSSR Publ., 1948. (In Russian)
  18. Vygotskij L. S. Imagination and Creativity in Childhood. St. Petersburg, Sojuz Publ., 1997. (In Russian)
  19. Komarova Т. S. The Formation of Graphic Skills in Preschool Children. Moscow, Prosveshhenie Publ., 1970. (In Russian)
  20. Mamaichuk I. I. Haptic and Visual Perception in Children with Impaired Intelligence and Motor Skills. PhD dissertation (Psychology). Мoscow, 1978. 172 p. (In Russian)
  21. Coté C. A. Haptic Exploration in Elementary School Age Children. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 2014, no. 1 (34), pp. 4–11. https://doi.org/10.3928/15394492-20131029-05.
  22. Mottron L., Burack J. A., Iarocci G., Belleville S. and Enns J. T. Locally Oriented Perception with Intact Global Processing Among Adolescents with High‐functioning Autism: Evidence From Multiple Paradigms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2003, no. 44, pp. 904–913. https://doi.org/10.1111/1469- 7610.00174.
  23. Pierce K., Courchesne E. Evidence for a Cerebellar Role in Reduced Exploration and Stereotyped Behavior in Autism. Biological Psychiatry, 2001, no. 8 (49), pp. 655–664. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006- 3223(00)01008-8.
  24. Pereverzeva D. S. Diagnosis of Visual Recognition in Children 3–7 Years Old with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autizm i narusheniyа razvitiya, 2011, no. 9 (3), pp. 1–12. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Irina I. Mamaychuk, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: mauki@mail.ru

Meriam B. Uld Semeta, Postgraduate Student, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: meriamsemeta@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 1113
Previous month: 254
Current month: 132

Downloads

Total: 280
Previous month: 6
Current month: 12