Personal Strength in the “VIA” Model as a Predictor of a Teacher’s Well-Being in the Professional Sphere

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Abstract

This article examines the “predictive model of personal well-being of a teacher in the professional sphere” developed by the authors based on a study conducted on a wide sample of teachers in the Russian Federation (N=7946). The presented model is based on the VIA (Values in Action) model, one of the key measures in the scientific direction of positive psychology. In the course of the study, 14 personal strengths out of 24 in the original model, which have the greatest multiplier effect of usefulness for personal well-being in the professional sphere of education were identified. Personal well-being in the professional sphere is described as a set of personal factors, including, first of all, high self-efficacy of the individual and the absence of professional burnout, and secondly, the individual’s general psychological well-being represented by life satisfaction and self-esteem. The authors believe that the resulting model can become an effective tool for the practical application of the concepts of positive psychology. On the one hand, it can be applied in the field of vocational guidance of young people. On the other hand, the model can be used as a tool for the development of professional competence of teachers in the field of personal well-being in the professional sphere, for example, in the form of selecting the most effective positive psychological interventions (PPI). The authors con clude that in the future, it is possible to scale the presented concept to other professional areas.

General Information

Keywords: positive psychology, 24 personal strengths, psychological well-being of teachers, professional burnout, well-being in professional sphere

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2021.406

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state assignment from the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation on the development of a scientific topic “Moderation of the processes of upbringing, socialization and prevention of asocial behavior of children and adolescents in the context of positive psychological interventions” no. 121081200035-9.

Received: 25.08.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Rean A.A., Stavtsev A.A. Personal Strength in the “VIA” Model as a Predictor of a Teacher’s Well-Being in the Professional Sphere. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 371–388. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2021.406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Azañedo, C.M., Fernández-Abascal, E.G., Barraca, J. (2014). Character strengths in Spain: Validation of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) in a Spanish sample. Clínica y Salud, 25 (2), 123–130.

Information About the Authors

Artur A. Rean, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, head of the laboratory for the prevention of antisocial behavior, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Academician of the RAE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1107-9530, e-mail: profrean@yandex.ru

Alexey A. Stavtsev, PhD in Psychology, Research Analyst of the Center for Socialization, Family and Prevention of Antisocial Behavior Researchка, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7299-5017, e-mail: stavtsev.alex@yandex.ru

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