Multi-Level Health Indicators as Predictors of Students’ Subjective Well-Being Experience

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Abstract

The subjective well-being as an integral experience of health state is a multidimensional phenomenon. The intrapersonal, social and environmental levels of subjective well-being were distinguished. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of subjective well-being of students. 850 students of different courses of St Petersburg and Novosibirsk universities took part in the study. The screening techniques MHC-SF (C.Keyes) and test of resilience (D.Leont’ev and E.Rasskazova), Scale of subjective well-being (C.Ryff), Measuring of prosocial tendencies (G.Carlo and B.A.Randall, adaptation of N.Kukhtova), Measuring of attitude to significant life situations (E.Korjova, A.Berdnikova), Scale of depression PHQ-9 and Scale of anxiety GAD-7 (Patient Health Questionnaire) were used. The results showed that students with a high level of subjective well-being rated all levels of health significantly higher than students with a low level of subjective well-being. The greatest influence on the subjective wellbeing is exerted by intrapersonal (endopsychic) predictors — resilience (β=0.322; p=0.000) and the presence of a goal in life (β=0.176; p=0.000). To a lesser extent, exopsychic predictors have an impact — attitude to a significant life situation and prosocial orientation, as well as self-assessment of mental health and presence of depression. The greatest contribution to the subjective well-being of intrapersonal characteristics confirms the leading role of personality in regulating the relationship between human and world. The data obtained make it possible to build a hierarchy of significant health resources for working out different health-saving programs.

General Information

Keywords: predictors of subjective well-being, health levels, students, self-assessment of health, depression, resilience, purpose in life, prosocial orientation, attitude to life situation

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2022.405

For citation: Korjova E.Y., Veselova E.K., Rudykhina O.V. Multi-Level Health Indicators as Predictors of Students’ Subjective Well-Being Experience. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 458–471. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2022.405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Korjova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1128-1421, e-mail: elenakorjova@gmail.com

Elena K. Veselova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5513-305X, e-mail: elkonves16@yandex.ru

Olga V. Rudykhina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8207-4016, e-mail: olga.rudykhina@gmail.com

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