Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Cultural-Historical Psychology - №1 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 16, no. 4)

Included in Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


I.A. Sokolyansky and his methods of teaching children with hearing and visual impairments 1980


Basilova T.A.
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Psychology of Disability Department, professor, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

The article tells about the dramatic, but eventful life of a Russian scientist, I.A. Sokolyansky (1898—1960), and focuses on the period before 1930s, when L.S. Vygotsky was alive. The author gives a detailed description of a long-forgotten technique of "conjoint motor reactions" that was developed by I.A. Sokolyansky for teaching deaf children and was widely known in 20—30s. This technique allowed specialists to teach deaf children in a very short time to understand oral (through lip-reading) or written instructions on accomplishing a sequence of actions. Vygotsky considered this technique to be the evidence of a new direction in future surdopedagogy constructed on the principle of logical connected speech. The article also tells about the methods Sokolyansky used in teaching blind-deaf-mute children in his Kharkov school in 1923—1936. The tasks he gave to deaf-mute children with different levels of mental development and the methods of successful teaching are described in the article as well.

Keywords: conditioned reflex method, motor reactions, deaf-blind-mute, teaching, lip-reading, reflexology, training, skills, joint action

Column: Theory and Methodology

For Reference

  1. Avtobiografiya I.A. Sokolyanskogo 1930 g. // CGAOR Ukrainy.
  2. Basilova T.A. Ivan Afanas'evich Sokolyanskii // Defektologiya. 1989. № 2.
  3. Basilova T.A. Kak nachinalos' obuchenie slepogluhih detei v Rossii // Defektologiya. 1999. № 2.
  4. Basilova T.A. I.A. Sokolyanskii — surdopedagog // Materialy Vtorogo Moskovskogo simpoziuma po istorii gluhih. M., 1999.
  5. Basilova T.A., Chulkov V.N. I.A. Sokolyanskii (biografiya). V bibliograficheskom ukazatele "Ivan Afanas'evich Sokolyanskii". M., 1989.
  6. Vygotskaya G.L., Lifalova T.M. Lev Semenovich Vygotskii. Zhizn’. Deyatel’nost’. Shtrichi k portretu. M., 1996.
  7. Vygotsky L.S. Opytnaya proverka novyh metodov obucheniya gluhonemyh detei rechi // Vygotskii L.S. Sobr. soch.: V 6 t. T. 5. M., 1983.
  8. Vygotsky L.S. Osnovnye problemy defektologii // Vygotsky L.S. Sobr. soch.: V 6 t. T. 5. M., 1983.
  9. Vygotsky L.S. Principy social'nogo vospitaniya gluhonemyh detei // Vygotskii L.S. Sobr. soch.: V 6 t. T. 5. M., 1983.
  10. Vil'son L. Novye shkoly v novoi Rossii. M.,1928 // Hrestomatiya po vozrastnoi i pedagogicheskoi psihologii. M., 1980.
  11. Rau F.A. O vospitanii i obuchenii slepogluhonemyh: Stenogrof. vystup. na nauch. konf. Gos. ped. in-ta defektologii. 10 marta 1940 g. // Hrestomatiya po vozrastnoi i pedagogicheskoi psihologii. M.,1980.
  12. Smetuhina N.I., Oficerova R.N. Obuchenie gluhonemyh chteniyu i pis'mu po metodu vospitaniya "cepnyh sochetatel'no-dvigatel'nyh reakcii» // Ukrainskii vestnik refleksologii. 1926. № 2.
  13. Smolich Yu. Rasskazy o nepokoe. M., 1971.
  14. Sokolyansky I.A. Ob obuchenii ukrainskih gluhonemyh detei rodnomu yazyku // Trudy Vserossiiskogo s'ezda deyatelei po vospitaniyu, obucheniyu i prizreniyu gluhonemyh, sostoy-avshegosya v Moskve s 27 po 31 dekabrya 1910 g. M., 1911.
  15. Sokolyansky I.A. Na pedagogicheskie temy // Vil'na Ukraina. Kiiv. 1917. № 1.
  16. Sokolyansky I.A. Metodika cepnyh zven'ev//Voprosy refleksologii. 1926. № 1.
  17. Sokolyansky I.A. Organizaciya pedagogicheskogo proces-sa po kompleksnoi sisteme: Metodika i metodicheskaya tehnika // Igra, skazka i romantika v rabote s det'mi. Har'kov, 1927.
  18. Sokolyansky I.A. Osnovnye navyki v povedenii lichnos-ti // Osnovnye problemy pedologii v SSSR. M., 1928.
  19. Sokolyansky I.A. Obuchenie i vospitanie slepogluhih / Pod red. I.A. Sokolyanskogo, A.I. Mesheryakova // Izvestiya APN RSFSR. 1962. Byp. 121.
  20. Hilling G. Prometei Makarenko i "Glavbogi" Pedolimpa: Sokolyansky, Zaluzhnyi, Popov. Marburg, 1997.
  21. Yaroshevsky M.G. Istoriya psihologii. M., 1985.
  22. Yaroshevsky M.G. L.Vygotsky: v poiskah novoi psihologii. SPb., 1993.

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????