Previous issue (2020. Vol. 16, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Features of Moral Foundations in Mongol, German and Russian Adolescents 2377
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Department of Research Activities, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia
PhD in Philosophy, Vice Rector for Academic Affairs, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia
Sociologist, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia
PhD in Linguistics, Associate Professor, Head of Research Department, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia
The difference in moral foundations between adults living in Western or Eastern countries is well-known, but there is lack of evidence about such difference in adolescence. We tested the hypothesis about cultural differences of moral foundations in Mongolian, Russian and German adolescents. As the methodology of the study we used Moral Foundations Theory describing five basic dimensions of moral domain including Harm/Care, Fair- ness/Reciprocity, Ingroup/Loyalty, Authority/Respect, and Purity/Sanctity. The sample comprised 446 Mon- golian, 450 Russian and 117 German adolescents at the age of 12…16 years old. We used three versions of Moral Foundations Questionnaire in different languages. The results of statistical analysis showed that general analy- sis, based on relations between scales, was acceptable. The replication of factor structure was low. It was revealed that Mongolian adolescents had most conservative moral foundations. Moral foundations of Russian adolescents from Altai Republic were quite close to Mongolian ones, while German adolescents showed much more «progressive» moral foundations which were typical for western societies.
- Vygotskii L.S. Istoriya razvitiya vysshikh psikhicheskikh funktsii [Genesis
of higher mental functions]. Sobra- nie sochinenii v 6 t. T. 3. Problemy
razvitiya psikhiki [Collected Works: in 6 vol. Vol.3. Problems of
development of the mind]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1983, pp. 5—328.
- de Vaal’ F. Istoki morali: V poiskah chelovecheskogo u primatov [The Bonobo
and the Atheist in Search of Human- ism among the Primates]. Moscow: Al’pina
non-fikshn, 2014. 376 p. (In Russ.).
- Bespalov A.M., Nikitina I.V., Vlasov M.S., Prud- nikova M.M., Odonchimeg
T., Nyamdorj B. Youth Value Orientation: A Field Study in Western Mongolia.
Central Asian Journal of Basic and
Applied Research, 2014, no. 2, pp. 30—47.
- Borg I., Groenen P.J., Mair P. Applied multidimen- sional scaling. Springer
Science & Business Media, 2012. 122 p.
- Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New York:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988. 590 p.
- Schnall S., Haidt J., Clore G.L., Jordan A.H. Disgust as Em- bodied Moral
Judgment. Personality & social psychology
- Eisenberg N. Emotion, regulation, and moral devel- opment. Annual review
of psychology, 2000. Vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 665—697. doi:
- Gilligan C. In a different voice: Women’s conceptions of self and of
morality. Harvard educational review, 1977. Vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 481—517.
- Haidt J. The emotional dog and its rational tail: a so- cial intuitionist
approach to moral judgment. Psychological review, 2001. Vol. 108, no. 4,
pp. 814—834. doi: 10.1037/0033- 295X.108.4.814
- Hu L., Bentler P.M. Cutoff criteria for fit
indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria ver- sus
new alternatives. Structural equation modeling: a mul- tidisciplinary
journal, 1999. Vol. 6, no.1, pp. 1—55. doi: 10.1080/10705519909540118
- Hutcherson C.A., Gross J.J. The moral emotions: A social—functionalist
account of anger, disgust, and contempt. Journal of personality and social
psychology, 2011. Vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 719—737. doi: 10.1037/a0022408
- Jaffee S., Hyde J.S. Gender differences in moral orienta- tion: A
meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 2000. Vol. 126(5), pp. 703—726.
- Joeckel S., Bowman N.D., Dogruel L. The Influence of Adolescents’ Moral
Salience on Actions and Entertainment Experience in Interactive. Journal of
Children and Media, 2013. Vol. 7, pp. 480—506. doi:
- Kohlberg L. The philosophy of moral development: moral stages and the idea
of justice. Essays on Moral Develop- ment, Vol. 1. Harper & Row,
1981. 441 p.
- Graham J., Nosek B.A., Haidt J., Iyer R., Koleva S., Ditto P.H. Mapping the
moral domain. Journal of personality and social psychology, 2011. Vol.
101, no. 2, pp. 366—385. doi: 10.1037/a0021847
- Graham J., Haidt J., Koleva S., Motyl M., Iyer R., Wojcik S., Ditto P.H.
Moral foundations theory: The pragmat- ic validity of moral pluralism.
Advances in experimental social psychology, 2013. Vol. 47, pp. 55—130.
doi: 10.1016/B978-0- 12-407236-7.00002-4
- Koleva S.P., Graham J., Iyer R., Ditto P.H., Haidt J. Tracing the threads:
How five moral concerns (especially Pu- rity) help explain culture war
attitudes. Journal of Research in Personality, 2012. Vol. 46, no. 2, pp.
184—194. doi:10.1016/j. jrp.2012.01.006
- Turiel E. The development of social knowledge: Moral- ity and convention.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 252 p.