Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Cultural-Historical Psychology - №1 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 17, no. 4)

Included in Scopus

Journal Quartiles 2020

CiteScore : Q2

Details on


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


The Theory of L.I. Bozhovich: Personality, Mind, Individuality 2396


Tolstykh N.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Division Head of the Social Psychology of Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

The paper focuses on some aspects of L.I. Bozhovich’s theory with respect to the modern context and the context of 1970s, for instance, on her thoughts regarding the correlation between mental and personality development, between an individual and personality. The issue of the relation between natural and higher mental functions and personality is also important, especially due to a growing interest in neuroscience. The paper discusses Bozhovich’s views on the theory of activity and her disagreement with several key postulates of A.N. Leontiev, as well as with certain theses of the theory and practice of developmental learning (at least in the form it was back then, in her time). Also, the paper addresses the problem of will, a book on which L.I. Bozhovich left unfinished. I present my own views on the relationship between will and self-regulation in the context of Bozhovich’s theory and set forth a hypothesis on the different sources and developmental patterns of will and self-regulation.

Keywords: cultural-historical approach, theory of L.I. Bozhovich, personality, individuality, will, self-regulation, mental development, personality development

Column: Remembering L.I. Bozhovich


For Reference

  1. Barns Dzh. Nechego boyat’sya [There is nothing to fear from] Per. s angl. Moscow: Inostranka, Azbuka, Attikus Publ., 2017. 416 р.
  2. Bozhovich E.D. Iz zapisnykh knizhek L.I. Bozhovich: soobrazheniya k probleme razvitiya voli [From notebooks of L.I. Bozhovich: considerations to the problem of development of the will]. In Bozhovich L.I. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti [Problems of personality formation]. Fel’dshtein D.I. (ed.). Moscow: Institut prakticheskoi psikhologii, Voronezh: NPO «MODEK» Publ., 1995, pp. 333—341.
  3. Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and its formation in childhood]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie Publ., 1968. 464 p.
  4. Bozhovich L.I. O kul’turno-istoricheskoi kontseptsii L.S. Vygotskogo i ee znachenii dlya sovremennykh issledovanii psikhologii lichnosti [On cultural-historical conception of L.S. Vygotskii and her value for modern researches of psychology of the personality]. In Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and her formation in children’s age]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2008, pp. 357—366.
  5. Bozhovich L.I. Etapy formirovaniya lichnosti v ontogeneze [The phases of formation of the personality in onthogenesis]. In Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and her formation is in children’s age]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2008, pp. 321—356.
  6. Gutkina N.I. Kontseptsiya L.I. Bozhovich o stroenii i funktsionirovanii lichnosti (kul’turno-istoricheskii podkhod) [The L.I. Bozhovich’s conception of structure and functioning of the personality (cultural-historical approach)]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [ Cultural-historical psychology], 2018, no. 2, pp. 116—128. doi:10.17759/chp.2018140213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  7. Gutkina N.I. Psikhologicheskaya gotovnost’ k shkole [Psychological readiness to the school] 4th ed., revised and added. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2004. 188 p.
  8. Prikhozhan A.M., Tolstykh N.N. Aktivnost’ protiv reaktivnosti (shkola L.I. Bozhovich) [Activity against reactivity Historical psychology of science]. In Yaroshevskii M.G. Istoricheskaya psikhologiya nauki [Historical psychology of science]. Melua A.I. (ed.). Saint-Petersburg: Publ. Mezhdunarodnogo fonda istorii nauki, 1995, pp. 310—315.
  9. Prikhozhan A.M., Tolstykh N.N. Lidiya Il’inichna Bozhovich. Issledovatel’ lichnosti (1908-1981) [Lidiya Il’inichna Bozhovich. Personality researcher]. In Rubtsov V.V. (eds.), Vydayushchiesya psikhologi Moskvy [ Protruding Moscow psychologists]. 2nd ed., revised and added. Moscow: Psikhologicheskii institut RAO; Moskovskii gorodskoi psikhologo-pedagogicheskii universitet Publ., 2007, pp. 283— 293.
  10. Prikhozhan A.M., Tolstykh N.N. Psikhologiya sirotstva [Psychology of orphanhood]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2005. 400 p.
  11. Smirnova E.O. K probleme voli i proizvol’nosti v kul’turno-istoricheskoi psikhologii [On the problem of will and Self-regulation in cultural-historical psychology]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [ Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2015. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 9—15. doi:10.17759/chp.2015110302. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  12. Tolstykh N.N. Vozmozhnost’ svobody [Opportunity of freedom]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [ Cultural- Historical Psychology], 2007, no. 1, pp. 19—28. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  13. Tolstykh N.N. Teoriya lichnosti: ot strukturnoi modeli k funktsional’noi [The theory of personality — from structural
  14. model to functional]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa [Journal of practical psychologist], 2008, no. 5, pp. 66—85. (In Russ.).
  15. Tolstykh N.N. Formirovanie lichnosti kak stanovlenie sub”ekta razvitiya [Formation of the personality as becoming of the subject development]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2008, no. 5, pp. 134—140.
  16. Tolstykh N.N. Khronotop: kul’tura i ontogenez [Khronotop: culture and ontogenesis]. Moscow: Universum Publ., 2010. 312 p.
  17. Fel’dshtein D.I. O L.I. Bozhovich — uchenom i cheloveke [On L.I. Bozhovich — scientist and the person]. In Bozhovich L.I. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti [Problems of formation of the person]. Moscow: «Institut prakticheskoi psikhologii», Voronezh: NPO «MODEK» Publ., 1995, pp. 5—21.
  18. Chudnovskii V.E. Vstupitel’noe slovo. L.I. Bozhovich: chelovek, lichnost’, uchenyi [Opening statement on L.I. Bozhovich: human being, person, scientist]. In Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and her formation in children’s age]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2008, pp. 9—32.
  19. Farber L. The Ways of the Will. Essays Toward a Psychology and Psychopatology of the Will. N.Y.: Basic Books, 1966.
  20. Prikhozhan A.M., Tolstykh N.N. “Interesting Psychology”: L.S. Vygotsky and L.I. Bozhovich. Journal of Russian and East European Psychology, 2004, Vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 7—19.
  21. Tolstykh N.N. Concept of Will as an Open Problem in Culture-Historical Context. In Barma S. (eds.), Contemporary Russian Contributions to Vygotsky’s Heritage. Special Issue. CRISAS International Journal. Revue International du CRIRES: innover dans la tradition de Vygotsky, 2017, no. 4 (1), pp. 48—53.

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????