Features of Anxiety and Self-Regulation of Mental Activity in a Virtual Environment

45

Abstract

The problem of anxiety research is the most relevant in Russian psychology. High rates of anxiety lead to a decrease in the efficiency and productivity of people's activities, to difficulties in their socialization and interpersonal communication. An important task of modern science and practice is the timely diagnosis of anxiety of subjects and the development of productive methods and techniques for regulating their behavior. The empirical study is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of self-regulation of mental activity and anxiety of subjects in a virtual environment (students aged 18-23 years). As part of the diagnostic stage, the methodology of Ch.D. Spielberger - Yu.L. Khanin and the questionnaire "Style of self-regulation of behavior" (SSPM) by V.I. Morosanova were used. At the formative stage, students were involved in conducting virtual reality programs from the first person. The reliability of differences in indicators of situational anxiety (p = 0.000711, (p ≤ 0.05)), personal anxiety (p = 0.000609, (p ≤ 0.05)) and behavioral styles on all scales after the subjects' work in a virtual environment was confirmed by the Wilcoxon statistical criterion.

General Information

Keywords: virtual reality, styles of self-regulation of behavior, correction of anxiety, immersiveness, personality

Journal rubric: Psychology of Digital Reality

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2024170107

Funding. Part of the experimental work was carried out within the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation (2020-22) № 073-00110-22-02 from 08.04.2022 «Influence of Higher Level Virtual Reality Technologies on Mental Development in Adolescence».

Acknowledgements. The authors would like to thank programmer E.M. Agafonov for their help in creating high-tech VR products.

Received: 17.04.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Selivanov V.V., Pobokin P.A. Features of Anxiety and Self-Regulation of Mental Activity in a Virtual Environment. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2024. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 108–117. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2024170107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Adaskina A.A. Izuchenie fenomena matematicheskoi trevozhnosti v zarubezhnoi psikhologii [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya, 2019. 8, no. 1, pp. 28—35. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2019080103
  2. Babaeva Yu.D., Voiskunskii A.E., Smyslova O.V. Internet: vozdeistvie na lichnost'. Gumanitarnye issledovaniya v Internete / Pod red. A.E. Voiskunskogo. M.: Mozhaisk-Terra, 2000. Pp. 11—39.
  3. Barabanshchikov V.A., Marinova M.M., Abramov A.D. Virtual'naya lichnost' podvizhnogo tehtcherizirovannogo litsa. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, 2021. 26, no. 1, pp. 5—18. DOI:10.17759/pse.2021000001
  4. Barabanshchikova V.V. Individual'nye resursy povysheniya ehffektivnosti treningov psikhologicheskoi samoregulyatsii. Ehksperimental'naya psikhologiya v Rossii: traditsii i perspektivy, 2010. 461—465.
  5. Borisova I.V. Vzaimosvyaz' shkol'noi trevozhnosti i motivatsii uchebnoi deyatel'nosti na ehtape adaptatsii k obucheniyu v 5-kh klassakh. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, 2018. 23, no. 5, pp. 22—28. DOI:10.17759/pse.2018230503
  6. Voiskunskii A.E. Psikhologiya i internet. M.: Akropol', 2010. 177—178.
  7. Voiskunskii A.E., Senyushchenkov SL., Ignat'ev M.B., Nikitin A.V., Troshin S.S. Issledovanie dinamiki situativnoi trevozhnosti pri povtornykh vystupleniyakh pered virtual'noi auditoriei. Tezisy dokladov tret'ei Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii po kognitivnoi nauke (20-25 iyunya 2008 g., Moskva). M.: Khudozhestvenno-izdatel'skii tsentr, 2008. 2, pp. 567—568.
  8. Galkina T.V., Simonova M.S. Vozmozhnosti primeneniya metodov i tekhnik samoregulyatsii dlya razvitiya tvorcheskogo potentsiala. Ehksperimental'naya psikhologiya, Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 131—147.
  9. Degtyarev A.V., Efimochkina K.M. Razvitie psikhologicheskikh resursov sovladayushchego povedeniya kak faktora profilaktiki situativnoi trevozhnosti v starshem podrostkovom vozraste [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo, Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 25—34. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2020100203
  10. Dikaya L.G. Psikhicheskaya samoregulyatsiya funktsional'nogo sostoyaniya cheloveka: (sistemno-deyatel'nyi podkhod). M.: Izdatel'stvo IPRAN, 2003. 318 p.
  11. Zikeeva E.A., Selivanov V.V., Kapustina V.YU., Strizhova I.V. Vliyanie didakticheskikh VR-programm na uchebnuyu motivatsiyu, psikhicheskie sostoyaniya i kreativnost' u studentov [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya, Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 126—146. DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2021130408
  12. Ioseliani A.D. Virtual'naya real'nost' i innovacionnaya sreda obrazovaniya / A.D. Ioseliani. Manuskript. 2021. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 122—125. DOI:10.30853/mns200608
  13. Kuznetsova A.S., Barabanshchikova V.V., Zlokazova T.A. Ehffektivnost' psikhologicheskikh sredstv proizvol'noi samoregulyatsii funktsional'nogo sostoyaniya. Ehksperimental'naya psikhologiya, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 102—130.
  14. Men'shikova G.Ya. Zritel'nye illyuzii: psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy i modeli. Diss. … dokt. psikhol. nauk. M., 2013. 301
  15. Morosanova V.I. (red.). Sub"ekt i lichnost' v psikhologii samoregulyatsii. M.-Stavropol': Izd-vo PI RAO. SeVKaVGTU, 2007.
  16. Nikitin V.N., Dyagileva Yu.O., Chernyi E.V. Samoregulyatsiya kak instrument preodoleniya stressogennykh situatsii i psikhologicheskii metod zdorov'esberezheniya. Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Sotsiologiya. Pedagogika. Psikhologiya, Vol. 7(73), no. 4, pp. 140—149.
  17. Petrova E.A., Nazarenko V.V. Vyrazhennost' situativnoi i lichnostnoi trevozhnosti u studentov vuza s OVZ i invalidnost'yu v period pandemii. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 2021. 29, no. 2, pp. 48—61. DOI:10.17759/cpp.2021290203
  18. Pobokin P.A. Vliyanie sredstv virtual'noi real'nosti na razvitie myshleniya i znanii shkol'nikov po matematike v khode obucheniya: Avtoref. diss. … kand. psikhol. nauk. Yaroslavl', 2015. 24 p.
  19. Pobokin P.A., Ivchenkova YU.YU., Kapustina V.YU. Korrektsiya psikhologicheskikh zashchit i trevozhnosti studentov s pomoshch'yu treningovykh VR-programm [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya, 2021. 13, no. 4, pp. 147—161. DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2021130409
  20. Pobokin P.A., Selivanov V.V. Rol' virtual'noi real'nosti v formirovanii matematicheskikh znanii i refleksii u shkol'nikov. Ehksperimental'naya psikhologiya, Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 37—48. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2022150203
  21. Podkosova Ya.G., Varlamov O.O., Ostroukh A.V., Krasnyanskii M.N. Analiz perspektiv ispol'zovaniya tekhnologii virtual'noi real'nosti v distantsionnom obuchenii. Voprosy sovremennoi nauki i praktiki, 2011. No. 2(33), pp. 104—111.
  22. Selivanov V.V. Sub"ekt i virtual'naya real'nost': psikhicheskoe razvitie, obuchenie. Smolensk.: Izd-vo «SmoLGU», 2016. 430 p.
  23. Selivanov V.V., Maitner L., Griber Yu.A. Osobennosti ispol'zovaniya tekhnologii virtual'noi real'nosti pri korrektsii i lechenii depressii v klinicheskoi psikhologii [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya, Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 231—255. DOI:10.17759/cpse.2021100312
  24. Selivanov V.V., Selivanova L.N. Virtual'naya real'nost' kak metod i sredstvo obucheniya. Obrazovatel'nye tekhnologii i obshchestvo (Educational Technology & Society) (mezhdunarodnyi ehlektronnyi zhurnal), 2014. 17, no. 3, pp. 378—391. URL: http://ifets.ieee.org/russian/periodical/journal.html
  25. Selivanov V.V., Selivanova L.N. Poznanie i lichnost' v virtual'noi real'nosti. Psikhologiya kognitivnykh protsessov / Otv. red. Selivanov V.V. Smolensk: SmoLGU, 2015. Pp. 107—121.
  26. Shakhvorostova T.V. Metodiki korrektsii trevozhnosti i strakhov u detei starshego doshkol'nogo vozrasta [Ehlektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya, Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 42—46. DOI:10.17759/bppe.2019160206
  27. Harris S.R., Kemmerling R.L., North M.M. Brief Virtual Reality Therapy for Public Speaking Anxiety. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 2002. Vol. 5(6), pp. 543—550.
  28. Huan Xu. Measuring the Efficiency of Education and Technology via DEA approach: Implications on National Development. Social Science, 2017. Vol. 6(4): 136. DOI:10.3390/socsci6040136
  29. Lombard M., Ditton T. At the heart of it all: The concept of presence. Journal Of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1997. Vol. 3, pp. 1—33.
  30. Zinchenko Yu.P., Kovalev A.I., Menshikova G.Ya., Shaigerova L.A. Postnonclassical methodology and application of virtual reality technologies in social research. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 2015. Vol. 8, Iss. 4, pp. 60—71. DOI:10.11621/pir.2015.0405

Information About the Authors

Vladimir V. Selivanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of General Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Head of the Chair of General Psychology, Smolensk State University, Smolensk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8386-591X, e-mail: vvsel@list.ru

Pavel A. Pobokin, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of General Psychology, Smolensk State University, Smolensk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7814-0463, e-mail: p.pobokin@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 149
Previous month: 57
Current month: 92

Downloads

Total: 45
Previous month: 12
Current month: 33