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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 8, no. 4)


Language and Text

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On the Edge of a New Era. Lexical Comparison in the Ancient Anatolia and Levantine Area 99


Tardivo G.
Professor of linguistics, Padua State University, Italy

Kitselis P.
Professor of Linguistics, Padua State University, Italy

An excursus of ancient Europe from an historical linguistics viewpoint reveals the legacy between Ægean and the nearby Anatolia till Northern Caucasus. This hypothesis is related to the early farming culture, whom people spoken a non-Indo-European language. Main source of information is Beekes Etymological dictionary of Greek. On this occasion, word lists of various items are scrutinized. The discovery of bronze and its use it was of great importance, as it will be illustrated at the beginning of this article. Then, the article contains for the first time, a very interesting fact, very deep in time, as it involves a Linear B word for ‘barley’. From ‘barley’ word, it progresses towards some others kind of foods, such as ‘chick-peas’ and ‘soup’; in this way, all three elements are part of a single theme: food. However, ‘food’ is not the only element taken in consideration, also ‘food’ preparation required tools in order to process it. For this reason, a ‘vessel’ name is also included. Nevertheless, the ‘stone [for special purpose]’ use was never abandoned, conversely, its usage was confined to other purpose.

Keywords: Ancient Anatolia, Levantine Area, Lexical Comparison, a Linear B word, Beekes Etymological dictionary, synchronicity

Column: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics


For Reference

A Part of Article

An excursus of ancient Europe from an historical linguistics viewpoint reveals the legacy between Ægean and the nearby Anatolia till Northern Caucasus. This hypothesis is related to the early farming culture, whom people spoken a non-Indo-European language.

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