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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Mechanisms of Psychological Defense and Dominant Defense Behavior of Convicts for Terrorist and Extremist Activities 130

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Bovin B.G.
PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher, Federal State Institution Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9255-7372
e-mail: bovinbg@yandex.ru

Kazberov P.N.
Senior Lecturer, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2233-0230
e-mail: opodnii@yandex.ru

Bovina I.B.
Doctor of Psychology, , Research Director, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9497-6199
e-mail: innabovina@yandex.ru

Abstract
The aim of the study was to identify the particularities of the defense behavior mechanisms among convicted for terrorist and extremist activities. A total of 469 convicts (351-for terrorist activities, 118 - for extremist activities) participated in the study. Life Style Index was used in order to reveal the defense mechanisms. The results allow us to talk about five types of defense: 1) dominance of projection and compensation defense mechanisms as means against the awareness of the negative and unacceptable personality qualities; 2) dominance of compensation in the profile indicates the desire to overcome a strong sense of inferiority; 3) dominance of reaction formation where unacceptable unconscious content is overcome by strengthening and development of exaggerated opposite trends; 4) dominance of intellectualization, where is the real action to remedy the anxiety and fears, the individual formulates an abstract of judgment, trying to get rid of one’s frustration; 5) dominance of denial, it refers to non-recognition, rejection of reality, displacement of thoughts, feelings, emotions from consciousness. In conclusion the potential of psychotherapeutic work is discussed.

Keywords: psychological defense mechanisms, convicts, terrorist and extremist activities, defense strategy, correction

Column: Penitentiary Psychology and Penal Practice

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2021110207

For Reference

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