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Psychology and Law - №3 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 2)

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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Psychologically Traumatic Situation as a Formal Element of an Offence under Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (Murder by a Mother of Her Newborn Child) 90

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Safuanov F.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956
e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Sarycheva Y.A.
MA in Psychology, investigator of the Perovsky inter-district investigative, Department for the Eastern administrative district of the Main investigative Department of the investigative Committee of the Russian Federation for Moscow, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2402-9345
e-mail: ya_duganova@list.ru

Abstract
The study is aimed at finding general grounds of criminal responsibility for neonaticide (murder by a mother of her own newborn child). The formal crime signs listed in article 106 of CCRF have been analysed. The theoretical analysis is supplemented with a study of 40 criminal cases. It was concluded that the common ground for inclusion of the three formal elements of the crime (differing in a number of criteria) is the mother's limited capability to consciously and arbitrarily control her behavior while murdering her newborn child. In the first case, the main factor limiting this legally significant capability is a legislator-presumed specific psychophysical condition of the parturient woman, in the second case it is a specific emotional state caused by a psychologically traumatic event associated with pregnancy and childbirth. The third case is a mental disorder not excluding sanity. A remark about the baby-murdering mother's special emotional condition limiting her capability to be aware of her actions (and control them) has been suggested for inclusion in the text of the article. The advisability of obligatory prescription for a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination has been substantiated when the offence is categorized under article 106 of CCRF.

Keywords: neonaticide, murder by a mother of her newborn baby, article 106 of the Russian Criminal Code, psychologically traumatic situation, mental disorder not excluding sanity, comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2021110214

For Reference

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