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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Orphan Children in the Educational Space of Russia (Following a Survey on Regional Guarantees of Educational Opportunities and Support for Orphans at all Levels of Education) 3079


Oslon V.N.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology Named After L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

The article analyzes the results of a survey on regional executive government officials in the education as well as teachers and heads of educational institutions of all levels about providing of high quality education guarantees for orphans in accordance with the “National Strategy for Action on Children in the 2012–2017”. Author used eco-dynamic approach, the concept of adaptive education, and the idea of social inclusion – exclusion as the methodological basis of the study. The survey shows that orphan children have special educational needs and require to an adaptive learning system throughout the length of educating. Providing the educational opportunities is associated with objective difficulties such as the lack of adaptive education system and untrained teachers as well as subjective problems (e.g. the social exclusion attitudes of persons responsible for teaching and facilitating the integration, as well as the psychological effects of early maternal deprivation and institutionalization of orphan children). The article describes measures respondents consider necessary for the successful integration of orphan children in a wide educational environment.

Keywords: orphans, state guarantees, high quality education availability, educational levels, special educational needs, adaptive learning, social exclusion

Column: Working with Vulnerable Children: Research and Practice


For Reference

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  2. Zhavoronkov R.N. Razvitie inklyuzivnogo obra- zovaniya v Rossii na sovremennom etape: sotsial’nopravovye aspekty [Elektronnyi resurs] [The develop- ment of inclusive education in Russia at the present stage: social and legal aspects]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Sci- ence and Education], 2011, no. 4. Avail- able at: (Accessed: 16.11.2015). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Oslon V.N. Deti-siroty v obrazovatel’nom pros- transtve [Orphans in the educational space]. Ros- siiskii nauchnyi zhurnal [Russian scientific journal], 2012, no. 6 (31), pp. 191–199. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
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  6. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 1 iyu- nya 2012 goda №761 FEDERATSII “O Natsional’noi strategii deistvii v interesakh detei na 2012–2017 gody” [Elektronnyi resurs] [The decree of the President of the Russian Federation from June 1, 2012 № 761 FEDERATION “ABOUT National strategy of actions in interests of children on 2012–2017 years”]. Informatsionno-pravovoi portal GARANT.RU: (Accesed 16.11.2015)

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