Orphan Children in the Educational Space of Russia (Following a Survey on Regional Guarantees of Educational Opportunities and Support for Orphans at all Levels of Education) 3079
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology Named After L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
The article analyzes the results of a survey on regional executive government officials in the education as well as teachers and heads of educational institutions of all levels about providing of high quality education guarantees for orphans in accordance with the “National Strategy for Action on Children in the 2012–2017”. Author used eco-dynamic approach, the concept of adaptive education, and the idea of social inclusion – exclusion as the methodological basis of the study. The survey shows that orphan children have special educational needs and require to an adaptive learning system throughout the length of educating. Providing the educational opportunities is associated with objective difficulties such as the lack of adaptive education system and untrained teachers as well as subjective problems (e.g. the social exclusion attitudes of persons responsible for teaching and facilitating the integration, as well as the psychological effects of early maternal deprivation and institutionalization of orphan children). The article describes measures respondents consider necessary for the successful integration of orphan children in a wide educational environment.
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