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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Mindfulness and self-compassion as predictors of humor styles in US and Russia 2449

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Khramtsova I.I.
Associate Professor, Psychology and Counseling, Arkansas State University
e-mail: ikhramtsova@astate.edu

Chuykova T.S.
PhD in Psychology, associate professor at the Chair of Applied Psychology and Deviantology, M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University
e-mail: cts1004@bspu.ru

Abstract
Mindfulness and self-compassion are increasingly coming into mainstream psychological research in the Western world as they correlate with and predict various aspects of mental health and positivity. However, little is known about their relationship to another construct that is also associated with well-being, that is, humor. The unique contribution of the present study is in exploring whether mindfulness and self-compas- sion would predict the use of adaptive and maladaptive humor styles and whether this prediction will be the same across cultures. 90 U.S. and 106 Russian college students responded to a survey consisting of three measures: Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS; Brown & Ryan, 2003), Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF; Raes, Pommier, Neff, & Van Gucht, 2011), and Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ; Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, & Weir, 2003). Our findings suggest that mind- fulness and self-compassion can serve as predictors of humor styles, that is, more mind- ful and self-compassionate participants tended to use more adaptive humor styles and less maladaptive styles. However, the contribution of these two variables to the vari- ance in humor styles depended on the culture.

Keywords: mindfulness, self-compassion, humor styles, cross-cultural research, Russian and US samples, positive psychology

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2016070207

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