Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Social Psychology and Society - №3 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Scopus
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 12, no. 2)

Included in Scopus

Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Assessment of the COVID-19 Pandemic Situation by Residents of Russia and Belarus 100

|

Odintsova M.A.
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4616
e-mail: mari505@mail.ru

Radchikova N.P.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Pre-School Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU), Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5139-8288
e-mail: nataly.radchikova@gmail.com

Yanchuk V.A.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Social and Organisational Psychology, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4524-8371
e-mail: yanchuk@academy.edu.by

Abstract
Objective. Comparative analysis of assessing the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic depending on the age of the respondents and the strategies of state regulations against infection (example of Belarus and Russia). Background. The study of COVID-19 assessments by residents of regions with different state regulations of the pandemic situation makes it possible to identify the similarities and differences in assessments of the situation, the degree of its impact on different spheres of life, fears, their capabilities and to outline the directions of psychological assistance. This is one of the first attempts to identify the personality-environment-activity interdetermination of psychological phenomenology is presented. Study design. The study was conducted from April 11th to June 4th, 2020 using Google Form. Measurements. Specially designed questionnaire with scores from 0 to 10 (on the Likert scale) of the COVID-19 situation and an open-ended question. Participants. It was attended by 439 people from 18 to 62 years old: 231 Russians (77.9% of women; average age 32.68+9.16 years) and 208 Belarusians (75.5% of women; average age 30.94+10.28 years). Of these: 1) Russian youth from 18 to 30 years old (N=91; average age 23.6+4.21 years) and Belarus youth (N=113; average age 23.1+3.8 years); 2) the mature generation of Russians from 31 to 60 years old (N=140; average age 38.6+6.25 years) and Belarusians (N=95; average age 40.25+7.37 years). Results. Both Belarusians and Russians highly estimated their capabilities and resources. Older people in both countries give a more negative assessment of the pandemic situation, while at the same time giving a higher assessment of their resources than young people. In self-isolation the intensity of fears decreases, the situation is assessed more positively, but the influence on physical activity and mental state increases. Global and personal fears dominate in the absence of self-isolation, while social fears dominate in the absence of self-isolation. There is a positive correlation between person’s capabilities and resources and the assessment of fears, the difficulties of the pandemic situation, and the degree of its impact on various aspects of life in the situation of self-isolation. Conclusions. Assessments of the pandemic situation complexity, the degree of its impact on various aspects of life, and fears are higher among the residents of Belarus, which may be explained by the lack of additional measures against the spread of coronavirus infection.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, assessment of the situation, fears, government regulation, self-isolation.

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2021120204

For Reference

References
  1. Bityutskaya E.V. Kognitivnoe otsenivanie trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsii s pozitsii deyatel’nostnogo podkhoda A.N. Leont’eva [Cognitive appraisal of the difficult life situation in A.N. Leontiev’s activity approach]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 14. Psikhologiya = Moscov University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2013, no. 2, рр. 40—56. (In Russ.).
  2. Gritsenko V.V., Reznik A.D., Konstantinov V.V., Marinova T.Yu., Izrailovits R. Strakh pered koronavirusnym zabolevaniem (COVID-19) i bazisnye ubezhdeniya lichnosti [Fear of Сoronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Basic Personality Beliefs]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 99—118. DOI:10.17759/ cpse.2020090205 (In Russ.).
  3. Kas’yanov V.V., Gafiatulina N.Kh., Samygin S.I. Osobennosti i problemy sotsial’nogo povedeniya v usloviyakh samoizolyatsii rossiiskogo naseleniya [Features and problems of social behavior in the Conditions of self isolation regime of the Russian population]. Gumanitarii yuga Rossii = Humanities of the south of Russia, 2020. Vol. 9(42), no. 2, рр. 51—63. DOI:10.18522/2227- 8656.2020.2.3 (In Russ.).
  4. Pervichko E.I., Mitina O.V., Stepanova O.B., Konyukhovskaya Yu.E., Dorokhov E.A. Vospriyatie COVID-19 naseleniem Rossii v usloviyakh pandemii 2020 goda [Perception of COVID-19 During the 2020 Pandemic in Russia]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2020. Vol. 9. no. 2, рр. 119—146. DOI:10.17759/ cpse.2020090206 (In Russ.).
  5. Rasskazova E.I., Leont’ev D.A., Lebedeva A.A. Pandemiya kak vyzov sub”ektivnomu blagopoluchiyu: trevoga i sovladanie [Pandemic as a Challenge to Subjective Well-Being: Anxiety and Coping]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 2, рр. 90—108. DOI:10.17759/cpp.2020280205 (In Russ.).
  6. Sorokin M.Yu., Kas’yanov E.D., Rukavishnikov G.V., Makarevich O.V., Neznanov N.G., Lutova N.B., Mazo G.E. Psikhologicheskie reaktsii naseleniya kak faktor adaptatsii k pandemii COVID-19 [Psychological reactions of the population as a factor of adaptation to the COVID-19 pandemic]. Obozrenie psikhiatrii i meditsinskoi psikhologii = V.M. Bekhterev review of psychiatry and medical psychology, 2020, no. 2, рр. 87—94. DOI:10.31363/2313-7053-2020-2-87-94 (In Russ.).
  7. Tolstykh N.N. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya razvitiya: integratsiya idei L.S. Vygotskogo i A.V. Petrovskogo [Social Psychology of Development: Integrating the Ideas of L.S. Vygotsky and A.V. Petrovsky]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020. Vol. 16, no. 1, рр. 25—34. DOI:10.17759/chp.2020160103 (In Russ.).
  8. Tkhostov A.Sh., Rasskazova E.I. Psikhologicheskoe soderzhanie trevogi i profilaktiki v situatsii infodemii: zashchita ot koronavirusa ili «porochnyi krug» trevogi? [Рsychological contents of anxiety and the prevention in an infodemic situation: protection against coronavirus or the “vicious circle” of anxiety?]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology аnd Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 2, рр. 70—89. DOI:10.17759/cpp.2020280204 (In Russ.).
  9. Al-Mahadin S. Laughing it off: Coronavirus superspreaders, anxiety, and fear in Jordan and Australia. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12, no. 5, рр. 45— 46. DOI:10.1037/tra0000630
  10. Amatriain-Fernández S., Murillo-Rodríguez E.S., Gronwald T., Machado S., Budde H. Benefits of physical activity and physical exercise in the time of pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12. no. 5, рр. 264—266. DOI:10.1037/tra0000643
  11. Breznau N. The Welfare State and Risk Perceptions: the Novel Coronavirus Pandemic and Public Concern in 70 Countries. European Societies, 2020. DOI:10.1080/14616696.2020. 1793215
  12. Dryhurst S., Schneider C.R., Kerr J., Freeman A.L.J., Recchia G., van der Bles A.M., Spiegelhalter D., van der Linden S. Risk perceptions of COVID-19 around the world. Journal of Risk Research, 2020. DOI:10.1080/13669877.2020.1758193
  13. Fitzpatrick K.M., Harris C., Drawve G. Fear of COVID-19 and the mental health consequences in America. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12, no. 5, рр. 17—21. DOI:10.1037/tra0000924
  14. Kaiser R.B. Leading in an unprecedented global crisis: The heightened importance of versatility. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 2020. Vol. 72, no. 3. рр.135—154. DOI:10.1037/cpb0000186
  15. Milman E., Lee S.A., Neimeyer R.A. Social isolation and the mitigation of coronavirus anxiety: The mediating role of meaning. Death Studies, 2020. DOI:10.1080/07481187.2020.1775362
  16. Milman E., Lee S.A., Neimeyer R.A. Social isolation as a means of reducing dysfunctional coronavirus anxiety and increasing psychoneuroimmunity. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020. Vol. 87, рр. 138—139. DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.007
  17. Reshetnikov V., Mitrokhin O., Shepetovskaya N., Belova E., Jakovljevic M. Organizational measures aiming to combat COVID-19 in the Russian Federation: the first experience. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research, 2020. DOI:10.1080/14737167.2020.182 3221
  18. Rodríguez-Rey R., Garrido-Hernansaiz H., Collado S. Psychological impact of COVID-19 in Spain: Early data report. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12. no. 5, рр. 550—552. DOI:10.1037/tra0000943
  19. Shapiro E., Levine L., Kay A. Mental health stressors in Israel during the coronavirus pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12, no. 5, рр. 499—501. DOI:10.1037/tra0000864
  20. Sibley C.G., Greaves L.M., Satherley N., Wilson M.S., Overall N.C., Lee C.H., Barlow F.K. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown on trust, attitudes toward government, and well-being. American Psychologist, 2020. Vol. 75, no. 5, рр. 618—630. DOI:10.1037/amp0000662
  21. Szabo A., Ábel K., Boros S. Attitudes toward COVID-19 and stress levels in Hungary: Effects of age, perceived health status, and gender. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12. no. 6, рр. 572—575. DOI:10.1037/tra0000665
  22. Winter D.A., Reed N. Unprecedented Times for Many but not for All: Personal Construct Perspectives on the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 2020. DOI:10.108 0/10720537.2020.1791291
  23. Wu L., Guo X., Shang Z., Sun Z., Jia Y., Sun L., Liu W. China experience from COVID-19: Mental health in mandatory quarantine zones urgently requires intervention. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2020. Vol. 12. no. 5, рр. 3—5. DOI:10.1037/tra0000609
  24. Yanchuk V.A. The Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of the Sociocultural- Interdeterminist Dialogical Metatheory of the Integration of Psychological Knowledge. Journal of Russian & East European Psychology, 2018. Vol. 55(2—3), рр. 241—286. DOI:10.1080/10610 405.2018.1529531

 

 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????