Prospects for using visual search tasks in modern cognitive psychology 105
PhD, Laboratory Head, Laboratory for Cognitive Psychology of Digital Interface Users, Assistant Professor, School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
The article describes the main results of modern foreign studies with modifications of classical visual search tasks, as well as proposed classification of such modifications. The essence of visual search is to find target stimuli among the distracters, and the standard task involves finding one target stimulus, which is usually a simple object. Modifications to the standard task may include the presence of more than one target on the screen, the search for more than one type of target, and options that combine both of these modifications. Proposed modifications of the standard task allow not only to study new aspects of visual attention, but also to approach real-life tasks within laboratory studies.
The article was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE).
- Falikman M.V. Obshchaya psikhologiya. Vnimanie: Uchebnik dlya VUZov =
[General psychology. Attention. Textbook for high schools]. Moscow: Akademiya,
2006. 480 p. (In Russ.).
- Cain M.S. et al. A little bit of history repeating: Splitting up
multiple-target visual searches decreases second-target miss errors. Journal
of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2014. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 112–125.
- Adamo S.H., Cain M.S., Mitroff S.R. An individual differences approach to
multiple-target visual search errors: How search errors relate to different
characteristics of attention. Vision Research, 2017. Vol. 141, pp.
- Adamo S.H., Cain M.S., Mitroff S.R. Satisfaction at last: Evidence for the
“satisfaction” hypothesis for multiple-target search errors. Visual
Cognition, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 821–825.
- Adamo S.H., Cain M.S., Mitroff S.R. Self-Induced Attentional Blink: A Cause
of Errors in Multiple-Target Search. Psychological Science, 2013. Vol.
24, no. 12, pp. 2569–2574. DOI:10.1177/0956797613497970
- Adamo S.H., Cain M.S., Mitroff S.R. Targets need their own personal space:
effects of clutter on multiple-target search accuracy. Perception, 2015.
Vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1203–1214. DOI:10.1177/0301006615594921
- Biggs A.T. Getting satisfied with “satisfaction of search”: How to measure
errors during multiple-target visual search. Attention, Perception, &
Psychophysics, 2017. Vol. 79, pp. 1352–1365.
- Cain M.S., Mitroff S.R. Memory for found targets interferes with subsequent
performance in multiple-target visual search. The Journal of Experimental
Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2013. Vol. 39, no. 5, pp.
- Cowan N. Attention and Memory: An integrated framework. New York: Oxford U
press, 1995. 323 p.
- Cunningham C.A., Wolfe J.M. The role of object categories in hybrid visual
and memory search. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 2014.
Vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 1585–1599. DOI:10.1037/a0036313
- Drew T., Boettcher S., Wolfe J.M. One visual search, many memory searches:
An eye-tracking investigation of hybrid search. Journal of vision, 2017.
Vol. 17, no. 11, 10 p. DOI:10.1167/17.11.5
- Drew T., Boettcher S.E., Wolfe J.M. Searching while loaded: Visual working
memory does not interfere with hybrid search efficiency but hybrid search uses
working memory capacity. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 2016. Vol.
23, no. 1, pp. 201–212. DOI:10.3758/s13423-015-0874-8
- Drew T., Wolfe J.M. Hybrid search in the temporal domain: Evidence for
rapid, serial logarithmic search through memory. Attention, perception &
psychophysics, 2015. Vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 296–303.
- Biggs A.T. et al. Examining perceptual and conceptual set biases in
multiple-target visual search. Attention, Perception, &
Psychophysics, 2015. Vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 844–855.
- Fleck M.S., Samei E., Mitroff S.R. Generalized “Satisfaction of Search”:
Adverse Influences on Dual-Target Search Accuracy. Journal of Experimental
Psychology. Applied, 2010. Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 60–71.
- Gorbunova E. Perceptual similarity in visual search for multiple targets.
Acta Psychologica, 2017. Vol. 173, pp. 46–54.
- Adamo S.H. et al. How to correctly put the “subsequent” in subsequent
search miss errors. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 2019.
Vol. 81, pp. 2648–2657. DOI:10.3758/s13414-019-01802-8
- Wolfe J.M. et al. Hybrid foraging search: Searching for multiple instances
of multiple types of target. Vision Research, 2016. Vol. 119, pp. 50–59.
- Mack A., Rock I. Inattentional Blindness. Cambridge, USA: MIT Press, 1998.
- Maxfield J., Zelinsky G. Searching Through the Hierarchy: How Level of
Target Categorization Affects Visual Search. Visual cognition, 2012.
Vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 1153–1163. DOI:10.1080/13506285.2012.735718
- Raymond J.E., Shapiro K.L., Arnell K.M. Temporary suppression of visual
processing in an RSVP task: An attentional blink? Journal of Experimental
Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1992. Vol. 18, no. 3, pp.
- Gorbunova E.S. et al. The Role of Working Memory in Dual-Target Visual
Search. Frontiers in psychology, 2019. Vol. 10, article ID 1673, 15 p.
- Berbaum K.S. et al. Time course of satisfaction of search. Investigative
Radiology, 1991. Vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 640–648.
- Vecera S.P. Toward a Biased Competition Account of Object-Based Segregation
and Attention. Brain and Mind, 2000. Vol. 1, pp. 353–384.
- Fougnie D. et al. Winter is coming: How humans forage in a temporally
structured environment. Journal of vision, 2015. Vol. 15, no. 11, 11 p.
- Wolfe J.M. Saved by a log: How do humans perform hybrid visual and memory
search? Psychological Science, 2012. Vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 698–703.
- Wolfe J.M., AlaouiSoce A., Schill H.M. How did I miss that? Developing
mixed hybrid visual search as a «model system» for incidental finding errors in
radiology. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2017. Vol.
2, no. 35, 10 p. DOI:10.1186/s41235-017-0072-5
- Wolfe J.M., Cain M.S., Aizenman A.M. Guidance and selection history in
hybrid foraging visual search. Attention, Perception, &
Psychophysics, 2019. Vol. 81, pp. 637–653.
- Wolfe J.M., Cain M.S., Alaoui-Soce A. Hybrid value foraging: How the value
of targets shapes human foraging behavior. Attention, Perception,&
Psychophysics, 2018. Vol. 80, pp. 609–621.