Cognitive Features in Autistic Children without Intellectual Disability

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Abstract

22 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 26 neurotypic children from 7 to 10 years old took part in the study of cognitive features of autistic children without intellectual disabilities. Instruments aimed at studying of cognitive functions in primary school children and free form narrative used in the research. Found that in children with ASD, some cognitive features significantly more pronounced than in neurotypical peers: lack of targeting, diverseness of thinking with a distortion of the generalization process, concreteness of thinking. The scores obtained in children with ASD were mainly within the mean values, while in the group of neurotypic children, for the most part, they were within high values. Revealed that children with ASD more often than neurotypic peers demonstrate a combination of specific thinking and some features that considered as characteristic of a schizophrenic pathopsychological complex of symptoms.

General Information

Keywords: cognition, thinking, autism, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), schizophrenic pathopsychological complex of symptoms, concreteness of thinking, lack of targeting, diverseness of thinking, generalization

Journal rubric: Research & Diagnosis of ASD

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2020180105

For citation: Ivanova M.M., Borodina L.G. Cognitive Features in Autistic Children without Intellectual Disability. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 38–50. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Margarita M. Ivanova, student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3945-5486, e-mail: upk.ivanova@yandex.ru

Lyubov G. Borodina, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3058-1569, e-mail: bor111a@yandex.ru

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